Tragedy upon tragedy.

31 Dec


Survivors

 The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaky left thousands of victims, but it also left thousands of orphans and their history is unknown to the general public.

One hopes that after this tragedy the survivors and the rest of Japan would turn to help these unhappy children, but for many it was just the opposite, they took advantage of them until they caused their death in many cases.

The help to these children was little or no, many died in the following days.

Shoso Kawamoto, a survivor of the US atomic bombing of the Japanese city of Hiroshima, has been telling the “untold story” of the nuclear attack on August 6, 1945

Kawamato lost his parents and four of his six siblings in the atomic attack when he was just 11.

Following the devastation, some orphans died of starvation and many girls were sold to the Yakuza [organized crime syndicate] to work as prostitutes, Kawamoto said.

“We were desperate for survival, desperate for food,” the 82-year-old museum volunteer recalled. “Some orphans assaulted whoever had food and snatched it from their hand.”

Orphans did not receive any support during the chaos of the postwar period, so they had no choice other than to work for the Yakuza, who came to Hiroshima and started taking care of them, he said.

takakao Gokan was 11 years old when the atomic bomb spread terror in Hiroshima,she is now 86 and tells it in first person.

“I felt like a star full of needles went through my body. And suddenly the fire arose. I don’t remember well, but a few minutes later, I heard a great crash that threw me at a distance of more than 8 meters. I heard a person yelling at me : “Danger!” At that moment the entire school building collapsed and a soldier covered me overhead. It was probably he who shouted “Danger!”. Everything was dark and I couldn’t hear anything. Little by little “I started to see and a little light came in. I dug through the remains to get out and when I could see myself I noticed that my face was swollen and my skin hung down. I didn’t recognize anyone’s faces.”

Takako Gokan

“At that moment Ishizaki, one of my teachers, appeared and carried me on his shoulders to the school gym where my injured classmates were. They gave me an injection of camphor. I was almost dead. Everything was scorched, full of ashes … no You could tell if there were people or buildings. There were no doctors, no food, no medicine. We were just lying down and trying to sleep. They put a heart-shaped flower leaf on the wounds. The heart heals everything. As a result of the explosion two fingers of my right hand joined me. They separated when I put that flower. I was in the gym for three months. It was very hard. I remember a child my age who asked for water and no one could give it to him, of course. dying. His face was full of roe and flies. That memory still comes to me today; it marked me a lot. I don’t remember his name. I saw a window from which smoke was coming out. And I understood that the child, my companion, had died and they were burning him. She had burns on her arm and bugs. I wondered if I would be next. “

Another survivor of Hiroshima
Yasuaki Yamashita 6 years old when the bomb

Family members and acquaintances came to the gym asking why we were there. A lady asked me for my name. She was looking for her daughter, but she did not find her, and she gave me some fruit. For the first time since the atomic bomb fell I felt some life. We slept on the ground. We were still without beds or medicine. In all that time (two weeks had already passed) only one doctor came from Tokyo twice. Nearby was a stone staircase. When the bomb exploded, someone died instantly. Only the shadow of the person remained. “

The role of the Yakuza, that sinister organization in the trade of children was deplorable, the unfortunate who fell into its clutches suffered horribly.

One of the Yakuza’s businesses was sexual exploitation,

After helping the Japanese government procure “comfort women” for Japanese and then American soldiers, the yakuza continued to develop the commercial sex industry in Japan. The 1970s and 1980s proved to be a prosperous time for Japan and the yakuza. Towards the end of the 1960s, the tourism industry exploded as Japanese citizens earned larger incomes and a strong yen made travel abroad relatively inexpensive. Tourism was not utilized to strengthen cultural education, though. Rather, Japanese men lined up at airports to experience wild weekends abroad with an itinerary focused on sex parties. Although the yakuza did not invent sex tourism, they capitalized on this new tourism frenzy by organizing large-scale sex tours throughout East Asia.

The yakuza first exploited this new industry in Taiwan and then Korea. In Korea, they organized trips to kisaeng parties. Kisaeng is a Korean word traditionally associated with female entertainers, very similar to Japanese geisha, but with the influx of tourists these women simply became known as prostitutes. By the end of the 1970s more than 650,000 Japanese citizens visited Korea annually with eighty percent of visitors listing kisaeng as the primary focus of their trip. Sex tourism became so popular that major airlines such as Japan Air Lines listed kisaeng parties amongst the recommended tourist activities in their guidebooks for Korea.

Many kisaeng, like those shown above, became known as prostitutes in the 1970s.

During the 1970s the yakuza expanded the sex tourism industry to Thailand and the Philippines where many of the sex workers were sold into sex slavery by their poor families. The Yakuza did not control the industry in these countries; instead they worked with local gang members to bribe local village leaders to convince families to sell daughters into the sex industry. The yakuza also financed many of the clubs in which Japanese men frequented in these foreign countries and led many of the sex tours as guides to the best “sex spots.”

Japan has not ratified the United Nations’ Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons (UNTIP). Although several news stories highlighted the plight of foreign sex slaves in Japan throughout the 1990’s, the Japanese government did little to decrease human trafficking until 2004. In 2004 the U.S. Department of State placed Japan on the “Tier 2 Watch List” which harmed Japan’s image as a safe and relatively crime free country and motivated the Japanese government to act.*

http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/1265/human-trafficking-the-japanese-commercial-sex-industry-and-the-yakuza-recommendations-for-the-japanese-government

More about the orphans

https://www3.nhk.or.jp/nhkworld/en/news/backstories/795/

Sosho Kawamoto remembers

Atrocities of the Ukrainians in Belarus

3 Dec

At a time when phil-Nazi or openly Nazi movements are emerging in Europe, especially in Ukraine and the Baltic regions, it is important to remember the atrocities committed by Ukrainian collaborators with the Germans in Belarus.
An artícle of Vitaly SNEGIRYOV, 21 March 2014, in the Internet magazine  Pитм Eвразий literally makes your hair stand on end.


https://www.ritmeurasia.org/news–2014-03-21–krovavyj-sled-banderovcev-v-belorussii-11911

OUR HISTORY

Today, the events taking place in Ukraine are closely watched in neighboring Belarus. And not only because of certain geopolitical and historical parallels. In partisan Belarus, the memory of the crimes committed against the Belarusian people by the Bandera detachments, transferred to the aid of the occupying Nazi units and garrisons, is alive.

Portraits of Bandera and Shukhevych in the center of today’s Kiev make old veterans from Belarus re-experience everything that they saw during the Great Patriotic War, and even after its end. The attempt to protect the murderers and rapists from the OUN-UPA by the official representative of Ukraine to the UN, who stated that the Russian / Soviet justice fabricated materials about the crimes of Ukrainian nationalists for the Nuremberg trials, cannot but be outraged.

Бандера стал знаменем киевского майдана

Bandera became the banner of the Kiev Maidan

The bloody trail left by the Bandera on the Belarusian soil still excites the people’s memory, appeals to the condemnation of both the collaborators themselves and their modern lawyers.

The so-called Ukrainian Insurgent Army was created on October 14, 1942. The UPA was headed by Roman Shukhevych – the owner of two knightly orders of Nazi Germany. It was the UPA that the fascists tried to oppose to the truly popular mass partisan movement that had flared up in Belarus. For this purpose, not only were the UPA units formed in Ukraine actively used, but also combat units were created from among the prisoners of the Red Army-Ukrainians, whom the representatives of the UPA actively processed. Moreover, this activity of Ukrainian emissaries, with the active assistance of the German fascist administration, began on the territory of Belarus even before the official creation of the UPA – in 1941.

 As a result, Ukrainian auxiliary police battalions were created, which were reinforced by 8 battalions formed directly in Ukraine (101, 102, 109, 115, 118, 136, 137 and 201st). Later, other Bandera units were also deployed to Belarus.

Armed and ready to “work”

Due to the fact that the Belarusian policemen were reluctant to carry out punitive operations, as they feared for their fate, the Nazis entrusted these “functions” to the alien battalions of Bandera. And they fully justified the hopes of the invaders – they burned and killed indiscriminately and with pity, leaving continuous ashes and mountains of people tortured and burned alive on the Belarusian land.

Khatyn 

Khatyn

One of the most famous and monstrous crimes was the participation of a company of the 118th battalion, most of whose personnel were Ukrainian nationalists, in a joint operation with the Germans to destroy the village of Khatyn on March 22, 1943. The village was burned to the ground. Together with the buildings, 149 civilians were shot and burned alive. About half of them are minor children, most of the other half are women and frail old people. Now Khatyn is known all over the world – a memorial complex was created on the site of the burnt village.

Have already “worked” …

Modern followers of Bandera and Shukhevych diligently disown the crime committed in Khatyn, trying to prove that Ukrainian nationalists from the 118th battalion were “immigrants from the Red Army.” However, the “handwriting” of sadists and punishers is quite recognizable. The militants of Shukhevych and other Bandera punishers and scum in Belarus also committed other atrocities, which have been fully proven to date, but have not received such fame as the Khatyn tragedy. Particularly distinguished was the 201st battalion, the 1st hundred of which, before the creation of the UPA, was commanded by the “hero” of present-day Ukraine Roman Shukhevych (this “high rank” was awarded to him by President V. Yushchenko, with which the current illegitimate “rulers” of Ukraine and leaders of the Maidan). Punishers and scoundrels from the 201st battalion of the Schutzmanschaft (security police) left a bloody memory of themselves, zealously helping the Nazis during the punitive operations “Swamp Fever” in the Vitebsk region, “Triangle” in the Brest region, “Cottbus” in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions …

Brest Region
Brest Region

Operation Swamp Fever was carried out by the Nazis with the active participation of Bandera from August 25 to September 20, 1942 in the area of ​​Lake Domzharitskoye in order to defeat the partisan detachment “Roman” (commander RA Dyakov). But in stubborn battles, the partisans inflicted heavy counterattacks on the punishers, and they refused to pursue. And the second stage of this operation was unsuccessful for the Germans and Bandera. It was supposed to destroy the partisan detachments “Avenger” (commander VT Voronyansky) and “Struggle” (commander SN Dolganov), which held the defense in the interfluve of Viliya and Ilia. The partisans not only escaped from the encirclement, but also led the bulk of the civilian population to the area of ​​the Pedan-Mstizh villages.

Tupichitsy 
Tupichitsy

Then, the Nazis and Bandera, who were brutalized by failures, conducted four punitive operations against the defenseless civilian population. They did much better at fighting defenseless people. As a result, more than 10 thousand people were killed and burned alive, more than 1200 were taken to work in Germany. In the villages of Bobrovichi and Vygoschi, 707 people were killed at the same time. On September 10, 1942, chastisers destroyed all 37 houses and 135 inhabitants of the Zatishye village. On September 15, 217 residents of the village of Vyada were killed, and the village itself was burned. 143 residents of the neighboring village of Tupichitsa were killed, and their houses were burned. Like Khatyn, Tupichitsy, which have been known to historians since 1552, irrevocably disappeared from the map of Belarus.

This is also the work of punishers

During Operation Triangle in the Brest region, on September 11, 1942, residents of the village of Dremlevo in the Zhabinka district gathered to celebrate the feast of John the Baptist, which, according to historians, they celebrated annually since 1561, especially since the occupiers did not formally object to religious rituals. But right during the holiday, punishers burst into the village – many residents were killed right on the street, the rest were driven into a barn and burned. 190 Belarusians were killed.

Dremlevo
Dremlevo

Operation Triangle lasted 17 days. In the village of Borisovka, 206 people were shot, 225 houses were burned. In the village of Leplevka, the monsters killed 54 children and their teacher, an employee of the Domachevo orphanage. The same atrocities were committed in Kamenka (152 people died), Borki (705 people, including 372 women and 130 children), Zelena Buda (28 dead), Zabolotye (289 dead). Ukrainian nationalists were in the forefront of the punishers in all these cases.

Operation Cottbus began on June 20, 1943. Among others, the 15th, 102nd, 118th and 237th auxiliary police battalions were involved. The operation was carried out in the Minsk and Vitebsk regions with the active support of tanks, aviation and artillery. Not only partisan detachments were surrounded, but also many civilians and children. The partisans were forced to retreat into impenetrable forests and swamps. Civilians were hiding with them. A terrible hunger began. As a result of Operation Cottbus, more than 10 thousand people were killed.

In a letter to Metropolitan A. Sheptytsky, the idol of today’s Maidan Ukraine, Shukhevych, unabashedly reported in the summer of 1942 about his “exploits”: “Your holy excellence. We are doing well, the Germans are satisfied with our work. ” The “work” was murder and torture, the destruction of children, old people and women. It is no coincidence that the high-ranking SS man Bach-Zalevsky, who later testified at the Nuremberg Tribunal, considered this battalion the best among his punishers. Shukhevych, whose portraits adorn the center of Kiev today, was eventually awarded the Iron Cross “for diligence in military work.”

Meanwhile, in clashes with the partisans, the Schutzmans were much less successful. After heavy punitive battles in the Lepel area (Vitebsk region), the Bandera simply fled, fleeing the zone saturated with partisans.

The UPA, by the way, was the direct ideological successor of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), whose members formed the backbone of the new organization. On the territory of Belarus, the OUN members, actively supported from abroad, began their activities since the reunification of Western Belarus and Ukraine with the USSR in 1939. After the start of the Nazi occupation, the southern regions of Belarus were included in the Reichskommissariat “Ukraine”. In this regard, it was the Brest region, as the southern region of Belarus, that was subjected to powerful attacks by punishers from the UPA. In total, about 250 units of Ukrainian nationalists operated in the Brest region. OUN activists under the leadership of Bandera and Melnik actively joined the SS Galicia division created with the direct support of Himmler himself.

Such posters called punishers to fight “Bolshevism”, but in reality – with the elderly, women and children

In the summer of 1942, another SS battalion, consisting of Ukrainian nationalists, arrived in Brest. The Jews had already been destroyed by this time, therefore, mass executions of Poles, underground workers, and all Belarusians began, who showed the slightest dissatisfaction with the “new” fascist “order” or were suspected of having links with partisans.

The village of Lelikovo in the Kobrin district of the Brest region of Belarus is located just a few kilometers from the current Belarusian-Ukrainian border. This is a typical Belarusian village, whose fate has been repeated by hundreds of villages. Despite the fact that Belarusians-Poleshuk (residents of Polesie – the southern part of Belarus), both in speech and in customs, differ little from the population of the border part of Ukraine, the Belarusian-Ukrainian border became a significant border, beyond which the influence of the OUN and UPA ended. Poleshuk, like the rest of the Belarusians, in their overwhelming majority supported the Soviet partisans. It was in Polesie that the detachments of Ukrainian nationalists, hoping to find allies for themselves in the “struggle for Great Ukraine”, met fierce resistance from partisan detachments.

Lelikovo
Lelikovo

OUN and UPA did not forgive the Belarusians for this. After the Red Army units and the partisan brigades that joined their ranks went to the west to beat the retreating fascists, a ruthless terror was launched against the civilian population of Belarusian villages by Bandera gangs. In Lelikovo, the journalists of “Sovetskaya Belorussia” conducted a mass poll of the local population in 2006 immediately after it was announced in Kiev that the OUN-UPA members of Bandera were now “heroes” of Ukraine. The inhabitants of the Belarusian village were outraged to the depths of their souls about what had happened. Here are just a few responses. “Bandera’s people killed us. What kind of heroes are they? What kind of liberators are they? ” – Petr Shepetyuk, head of the Lelikovsky village club, was indignant. He was supported by his wife Anastasia: “Although I was a child, I remember well how my father discussed the next raids of Bandera at the evenings with fellow villagers.” Her uncle Ivan Shepetyuk (in Polesie often residents of an entire village have the same surname) remembered how Bandera killed his father, also Ivan Shepetyuk. Their father was also killed at Evdokia Gogniuk. During the war he mined salt for the partisans. And Nikolai Korzh recalled in detail the day of April 24, 1945: “We, small children, hid on the street, in a potato pit. Bandera’s men saw us and threw a grenade. Mitya, he was already 14 years old, did not have time to jump out of the pit with the one-year-old Yakov in his arms. Perished. “

The same situation, as in Lelikovo, was in almost all the villages of the Divinsky district and other places in Polesie. Most of all, Belarusians are outraged by the fact that the brutal murders and tortures that took place almost until the mid-1950s, until the OUN-UPA Bandera members were finally defeated, were not committed by some aliens, but by residents of neighboring Ukrainian villages located just a few kilometers from Belarusian villages – the detachments of Dvorko, Ermak, Konopelko, Artemchuk, Yushchik, Savchuk and other scoundrels and scum. In the period from 1944 to 1946 alone, the OUN-UPA carried out 2384 terrorist attacks and sabotage in Belarus. 1,012 people were killed. There is data for 1945. Of those who fell at the hands of Bandera, only 50 were employees of the NKVD, 8 were officers, 28 were privates and sergeants of the Red Army. The remaining 298 people killed in the border regions of Belarus in 1945 were women, old people and children.

No forgiveness for the fiends!

Khatyn. A common memorial in memory of the Belarusian villages burned down by punishers

But here’s what is disturbing. It would seem that in Belarus, where every fourth resident died during the war, and according to updated data, every third resident, the coming to power in Kiev of the Maidan forces, acting under Bandera slogans, should cause hostility and alarm. But the younger generation, who does not know anything about the war, increasingly begins to believe the fables that the bloody scum and scoundrels from the OUN-UPA are in fact “heroes who fought for the freedom of Ukraine”. And recently, on the state Belarusian TV, TV journalist Tengiz Dumbadze, who came from Georgia and made a rapid career in publicly supporting the authorities’ position on the non-recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, said at all: you need to understand and even accept that Bandera and Shukhevych are real heroes for many Ukrainians …

It is a pity if the lessons of the Maidan did not teach anyone anything. Whoever forgets the indelible bloody trail of the OUN-UPA militants on the Belarusian soil, he risks that someday the same trail will be left on his fate.

And more attrocities of the Germans in Bielorrusia.

German attrocities

___________

Phото – http://www.radzima.org/ru/mesto/hatyny.html

The Lidice children

14 Oct

Among the ramblings of WWII, those committed on children are, in my opinion, the worst. Of course the Germans are the main culprits of what happened, since they not only committed them but also induced their partners, the Baltic countries, the Austrians, the Romanians, the Hungarians, etc. to carry out all kinds of atrocities. One of the German specialties was to murder entire towns, men, women and children, in Belarus and throughout the USSR thousands of towns were the victims, but as is often the case, even today, the further east the atrocities occur, the more unknown they are. The Lidice massacre was the complete destruction of the village of Lidice, in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, in June 1942 on orders from Adolf Hitler and Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler. In reprisal for the assassination of Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich  



Reinhard Heydrich

In the late spring of 1942,all 173 males from the village who were over 15 years of age were executed on 10 June 1942. A further 11 men from the village but who were not present at the time, were later arrested and executed soon afterwards, along with several others who were already under arrest. The 184 women and 88 children were deported to concentration camps; a few children who were considered racially suitable and thus eligible for Germanisation were handed over to SS families and the rest were sent to the Chełmno extermination camp where they were gassed.


But it is not our intention to describe the horror suffered by the unhappy inhabitants of that village, for this you can see the links at the bottom of this article, but rather to follow the fate of the rare children abducted and who survived that barbarism.

Three days after the attack, Nazi officials separated the young from their mothers, assuring all that a reunion would follow relocation. The women boarded trucks bound for Ravensbrückconcentration camp, and most of the children left for a camp in Łódź, Poland.

The young survivors arrived in Łódź with a message from their Nazi captors: “The children are taking with them only what they wear. No special care is to be provided.” Indeed, the only “care” given at the camp was extensive physical testing. German doctors measured the children’s facial features, identifying those with “Aryan” characteristics as candidates for Germanization —a process where suitably featured non-German children were adopted by German families.

In total, nine children met the criteria for Germanization and were sent to Puschkau, Poland, to learn German and begin the assimilation process. On July 2, the remaining 81 children arrived at Chelmno  extermination camp. Historians believe they were killed in mobile gas chambers that same day. 

By the end of the war, 340 of Lidice’s 503 residents were dead as a direct result of the June 10 massacre. 143 women and 17 children, including those born just after the attack, eventually returned to the ruins of their hometown and began the arduous task of resurrecting the community.

(https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/story-lidice-massacre-180970242/ )

Only 17 children come back, many only speaking German because they were adopted by German families ( nazis of course ).

Lidice School

Some histories of the survivors :

Anna Hanfová, one of three siblings selected for Germanization, was one of the first lost children to return. She spent the remainder of the war living in eastern Germany but maintained limited contact with her sister Marie and cousin Emilie Frejová, and when Anna returned to Lidice, she led authorities to both relatives’ new German homes.

Otto and Freda Kuckuk, a well-to-do couple with strong SS ties, had adopted Frejová. In Witnesses to War, author Michael Leapman writes that Frejová adjusted well, but Marie’s new life was more complicated: Her adoptive family treated her like a slave and convinced her that the Czech were a subservient race. It took several years for Marie to overcome this indoctrinated belief.

Václav, the third sibling, refused to cooperate with his captors; he drifted between children’s homes and incurred brutal punishments for unruly behavior. In late 1945, Josefina Napravilova, a humanitarian who located about 40 lost Czech children during the aftermath of the war, encountered Vaclav at a displaced persons camp. He was slow to trust her but later dubbed Napravilova his “second mother.”

Elizabeth White, a historian at theUnoited States Holocaust Memorial Museum, , explains the difficulty of the children’s rehabilitation process, as most selected for Germanization were taken from home at a young age and eventually forgot their Czech heritage.

“When [the children] were found and sent back, they didn’t remember how to speak Czech,” White says. “One girl’s mother survived Ravensbrück but had tuberculosis and died four months after she came back. At first when they spoke, they had to use a translator.”

(https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/story-lidice-massacre-180970242/)


Lídice massacreThe exterminion of Lidice


The massacre of Lidic

http://www.holocaustresearchproject.org/nazioccupation/lidice.html
The lost children

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/story-lidice-massacre-180970242/

Nazis filmed the destruction of my village.

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/magazine-27924054
One survivor

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-stoke-staffordshire-19506080

Another survivor

https://groups.google.com/g/alt.obituaries/c/AU_jl7myfNA?pli=1
Tjhe Lidice massacre after 65 years

https://english.radio.cz/lidice-massacre-after-65-years-8607185
An example of collective guilty 70 years after

https://www.jpost.com/opinion/columnists/lidice-an-example-of-collective-guilt-70-years-later

The Germans collaborated in the Armenian genocide

9 Oct

My theory is that the people have a collective soul that is inherited through generations, instilled by mothers, grandmothers and relatives who make a people more hard-working, more studious or more cruel than others.

 The theory that the Nazis led by Hitler were paratroopers who fell on a peaceful and music-loving people are mere hoaxes. Given the collective amnesia suffered by the Germans who perpetrated the genocities they committed on what happened, barely softened by some official statements and with a silence that reaches new generations, it is necessary to examine the past to see the origin of the cruelty of the German people, including Austria of course.

 In the future we will talk about the behavior of the Germans in their colonies or even their behavior in America when some went with the Spanish soldiers as they had the same emperor. Now we will talk about a little known aspect, his collaboration with the Turks in the Armenian genocide.

 In his article “Today’s Turkey continues the Armenian genocide” 

https://www.voltairenet.org/article187587.html,

Thierry Meissan said : 

The declarations of President Gauck

By recognising German « co-responsibility, and even, potentially, complicity » in the 1915 massacres, German President Joachim Gauck lifted the taboo concerning the continuance of the crime, and he did so with even more courage considering the strong Turkish presence in Germany and the absence of an Armenian electorate.

Rudolf Höss

An exemplary officer, Rudolf Höß acquired skill in matters of genocide in Turkey, during the 2nd Reich. He then became the director of the Auschwitz camp during the 3rd Reich.

Historians established the role of the German delegation in the genocide a long time ago. The orders of deportation signed by the Ottoman Vice-Chief of Staff, German general Fritz Bronsart von Schellendorf, have been published. The German Empire of William II had already tested genocide by exterminating the Hereros and the Namas in South-West Africa (now Namibia) in 1905. The German officers who observed and sometimes participated in the genocide of non-Muslims in Turkey put their skills to use during the Nazi régime. For example, this was the case for Rudolf Höß – his father participated in the genocide of the Hereros in 1905, as he did himself with the Armenians in 1916. He then became the commandant of the camp of Auschwitz from 1940 to 1943, where he massacred Jews, gypsies and Slavs.

In order to understand and prevent genocides, we must not study them from the point of view of the victims, but by correctly understanding the point of view of the executioners.

Rudolf Höss arrested.

Until now, we have belived, wrongly, that the Young Turks and the Nazis were the only ones responsibles for the Armenian and Jewish genocides. But History shows us that the ideologies which led to these crimes were shared by others, before and after them, who also attempted to perpetrate them. Contrary to what we might imagine, there is no example of a genocide which was accomplished in a single operation, nor against a single population. These crimes continue for a very long time, and always concern several ethnic groups. It is therefore essential to condemn the first massacres, and to condemn the underlying ideologies in order to prevent the continuance of genocides. 

Rudolf Höss hanged
Rudolf Höss hanged

Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf He was the chief of Staff of the Ottoman Army, part of German military mission in the Ottoman Empire. . He was instrumental drafting initial war plans for the Ottoman Army. He is “depicted as the actual initiator of the scheme of the Armenian Genocide“. He was an ardent supporter of Hitler during 1930s also.

Role during the Armenian Genocide (*)

Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf

Because of the question of his involvement in the genocide of Armenians, Bronsart von Schellendorf attracted increased attention in recent historiography . In his controversial study of the role of German officers in the Armenian genocide, Vahakn Dadrian identified Bronsart von Schellendorf’s direct complicity, even seeing him as an instigator. Recent research has questioned this accusation. Bronsart von Schellendorf was willing to accept the Turkish measures of violence against the Armenians   and took the anti-Armenian view of the Young Turks . But, as Isabel Hull has pointed out, he was primarily guided by “military necessity”. Under this premise, he agreed to the deportation of Armenians from the border areas to Russia, focusing solely on his military responsibilities. Behind the phrase “military necessity” was the strong mistrust of the Armenian population in the hinterland of the front. Fearing a possible

Friedrich (Fritz) Bronsart von Schellendorf

Armenian uprising, German officers like Bronsart von Schellendorf, and Colmar Freiherr von der Goltz (1843-1916), supported a deportation of the Armenian population. At the same time, Bronsart von Schellendorf did not intend to destroy the Armenians. Nevertheless, by supporting the deportation plan he accepted the risk of  Armenians being killed in the deportation. Thus, he was involved in the genocide planned and undertaken by the Young Turks. But even when the genocidal intention of the Turks became unmistakable, Bronsart von Schellendorf was not willing to distance himself from their actions or even to intervene, as other German officers such as Colmar von der Goltz or Otto Liman von Sanders did. Moreover, after the First World War, he repeatedly defended the Young Turk leadership in newspaper articles. In an article in the Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung of July 24, 1921, on the occasion of the trial of the Talat Pasha (1874-1921) murderer, he attempted to justify the Turks and himself by explaining that the death of the Armenians was only the effect of the inability of the Turks to carry out an orderly deportation. In doing so, he not only drew on widespread images of well-organised Germans and disorganised Orientals, but also denied the Young Turks’ intention of destroying the Armenians. Thus, together with a number of other former German officers (including Hans Humann (1878-1933), he contributed towards the denial of the murder of the Armenians. The motive for this behavior was partly due to a continued loyalty to the Turks and partly to a fundamentally defensive attitude against all allegations of the Entente regarding German involvement. In the case of Bronsart von Schellendorf, there was direct personal involvement as Ottoman chief of staff.


(*) https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/bronsart_von_schellendorf_friedrich

Violations of Russian women by the Germans (II)

17 Jul

If you search Interner for rapes of women in the Second World War, almost all of the pages are devoted to rapes of German women by the Allies and some pages to Korean comfort women, raped by the Japanese. It is practically impossible to find pages dedicated to the violations committed by the Germans in Russia and other occupied countries and you have to search, with difficulty, in other pages dedicated to German atrocities.

German women with Russian soldiers in Berlin

Here we have some very interesting examples of the behavior of the “gentlemen” Germans.

On January 6, 1942, People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the USSR Vyacheslav Molotov sent to the ambassadors of all countries with which Moscow maintained diplomatic relations a note on the atrocities of the German authorities in the occupied Soviet territories. This document lists numerous incidents of occupational violence against Soviet women and girls. Here are a few quotes.

 

“The village of Basmanovo of the Glinkovsky district of the Smolensk region, liberated by our troops in early September, was a solid ashes after the Germans took over. On the very first day, the Nazi monsters drove out more than 200 schoolchildren and schoolgirls who came to the village to harvest, surrounded them and brutally shot them. Big they took a group of schoolgirls to their rear “for the gentlemen officers” … In the city of Smolensk, the German command opened a brothel for officers in one of the hotels, in which hundreds of girls and women were driven in, dragged by the arms, by the hair, ruthlessly dragged along the bridge Everywhere, the brutalized German bandits burst into homes, rape women and girls in front of their relatives and their children, mock raped women and brutally crack down on their victims.

 

In the city of Lvov 32 workers of the Lvov sewing factory were raped and then killed by German attack aircraft. Drunken German soldiers dragged Lvov girls and young women to Kosciuszko Park and brutally raped them … In the city of Tikhvin, Leningrad Region, 15-year-old Kolodetskaya, being wounded by a fragment, was brought to the hospital, where the wounded German soldiers were. Despite the injury, Kolodetskaya was raped by a group of German soldiers, which caused her death. “*

More German women with Russian soldiers

How the Germans dealt with captured Russian women

Residents of Smagleyevka (Voronezh region), after their liberation in 1943, said that at the beginning of the war, a young Red Army girl died in a terrible death. She was seriously injured. Despite this, the Nazis stripped her naked, dragged to the road and shot.

The unfortunate traces of torture remained on the unfortunate body. Before her death, her breasts were cut off, her whole face and hands were completely shredded. The woman’s body was a continuous bloody mess. Similarly, they acted with Zoya Kosmodemyanskoy. Before the indicative execution, the Nazis spent hours half-naked in the cold. 

In addition to these atrocities, female Red Army soldiers were constantly raped. The highest military ranks of the Wehrmacht were forbidden to enter into intimate relations with the Slavs, so they did it secretly. The rank and file here had a certain freedom. Finding one female Red Army man or nurse, she could be raped by a whole company of soldiers. If the girl after that did not die, she was shot.

Hanging Russian civilians

The following are a few examples of the treatment of “civilized” Germans with captive women soldiers.


In August 1941, on the orders of Emil Knol, commander of the field gendarmerie of the 44th Infantry Division, a prisoner of war was shot – a military doctor.

In the city of Mglinsk in the Bryansk region in 1941, the Germans captured two girls from the sanitary unit and shot them.

A prisoner of war girl shot by invaders. The Red Army uniform is clearly visible.


After the defeat of the Red Army in the Crimea in May 1942, an unknown girl in military uniform was hiding in the house of a resident of Buryachenko in the Mayak fishing village of Mayak near Kerch. On May 28, 1942, the Germans discovered her during a search. The girl resisted the Nazis, shouting: “Shoot, you bastards!” I am dying for the Soviet people, for Stalin, and you, monsters, will come dog death! ” The girl was shot in the yard.

At the end of August 1942, a group of sailors was shot in the village of the Crimean Krasnodar Territory, among them there were several girls in uniform.

In the village of Starotitarovskaya of the Krasnodar Territory, among the shot prisoners of war, a corpse of a girl in a red army uniform was found. She had a passport in the name of Tatyana Alexandrovna Mikhailova, 1923, a native of the village of Novo-Romanovka.

In the village of Vorontsovo-Dashkovskoye of the Krasnodar Territory in September 1942, the captured military assistant parasite Glubokova and Yachmenev were brutally tortured.

On January 5, 1943, not far from Severny Farm, 8 Red Army soldiers were captured. Among them is a nurse named Luba. After prolonged torture and bullying, all prisoners were shot.

A peasant examines the bodies of murdered girls prisoners of war. Probably wants to bury them.
On the right, judging by the bandage on his sleeve – a policeman.


Division intelligence translator P. Rafes recalls that in the village of Smagleyevka, liberated in 1943, 10 km from Kantemirovka, residents told how, in 1941, “a wounded lieutenant girl was pulled naked on the road, her face, hands, and breasts were cut …”

Often captured women were exposed to violence before death. A soldier from the 11th Panzer Division, Hans Rudhoff, testifies that in the winter of 1942 “… Russian nurse-men lay on the roads. They were shot and thrown onto the road. They lay naked … On these dead bodies … obscene inscriptions were written. “

Rapes of Russian women by the Germans

3 Jun

  In the terrible history of the Second World War, there are many totally forgotten events.

The rapes of German women by Allied forces, Russians, Americans, French, etc., have been widely publicized and aired, especially by the Germans, but like all stories they must be told from their beginning and the beginning is not the invasion of Germany. by the allies but the action of the Germans in the countries occupied with the civilian population.

n World War I, the German army’s losses from sexually transmitted diseases amounted to approximately 2 million people. The losses of the German army in World War II from sexually transmitted diseases were significantly lower, the exact figure is 706 thousand people. These are the ones who had gonorrhea and syphilis, and those who couldn’t fight for some time.

In total, during the war, according to historians, according to documents, the German army organized 569 brothels, in which at least 50 thousand women worked. Some conservatives say that there were, in fact, 35,000. We will not establish the exact figure, but I think the 50 thousand figure is closer to the truth.


These estimates do not take into account the violations committed “in situ” when occupying cities and towns, which were undoubtedly higher.

How were women recruited there? Differently. In different sources, in general, there is different information. In Kharkov, say, it was reported that they simply pulled relatively pretty girls out of the tail of the job exchange and were forcibly taken to a specific service. Another option was an alternative, to go to Germany for forced labor or to go to a brothel.

I must say that many of the German soldiers did not like going to these establishments too much, because they underwent a strict medical control; There, I will not tell all kinds of details about the injections and other charms that precede and enclose the pleasure received and the lines. that was there in the streets and so on. Very often, German soldiers solved their sexual problems in a different way.

The violations of the Germans were publicly known and this poster warns of them and asks the sailor in the picture for help and revenge.

Initially, exclusively due to violence. As early as January 1942, the Molotov note on Nazi crimes of January 7, 1942 was presented to the world community. Among other things, this note spoke of rape, often accompanied by murder and all kinds of atrocities against women. This practice continued, in fact, throughout the war. And about some of the wildest cases, we know, oddly enough, from German judicial investigation materials. Because it is very rare, but nevertheless, rapists were tried.

the court was never intended to protect a woman. . Furthermore, it was written there so that “since Russian women have lost the concept of feminine honor, there can be no doubt that a German court does not protect them.”*

*Oleg Budnitsky.Doctor of Historical Sciences,

The number of rapes in the Soviet Union was much higher than in western Europe. There was a special attitude towards the civilian population: that this is a second-class population, these are completely different people. And the war in the East was completely different from the war in the West. In fact, German soldiers were granted the right to kill the civilian population.

The Russian army had a large number of women in ranks, note the treatment the Germans gave to female prisoner soldiers.



Attrocities


Occasionally, from deployment locations for parts of the Wehrmacht, “hunting expeditions” would depart for the surrounding settlements. “We went to the village of Rozhdestveno near Gatchina,” said Private Peter Schuber, who was serving at Seversky Airfield. officers, in the morning they gave the girls to our soldiers. ”

In Smolensk, the German command opened an officers’ brothel in one of the hotels, to which hundreds of girls and women led; they were dragged by the hands, by the hair, ruthlessly dragged along the pavement. In the village of Semenovskoye, Kalinin region, the Germans raped 25-year-old Olga Tikhonova, wife of the Red Army, mother of three children, who was in the last stage of pregnancy.

Hungarian soldiers, allies of the Germans, with Russian women killed after raping them

In Belarus, near the city of Borisov, 75 women and girls who fled as German troops approached fell into the hands of the Nazis. The invaders raped and then brutally murdered 36 women and girls.

After the Red Army forces expelled the Nazis from Kerch, the Red Army had a terrible vision: “In the prison yard a lot of mutilated naked bodies of naked girls were found, savagely and cynically tormented by the Nazis” . In the city of Tikhvin, Leningrad region, a high school student M. Kolodetskaya, who was injured by a missing fragment, was taken to a hospital located in a former monastery. As witnesses later showed, “Despite the injury, Kolodetskaya was raped by a group of German soldiers, resulting in her death.”

In the town of Borodayevka, Dnipropetrovsk region, the Nazis raped all women and girls without exception.**

This photo of the deceased Russian woman - mother, needs no comment.

**Vladimir Zabarovsky, director of the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War


The Germans knew what they had done and feared retaliation.


From the diary of the German Dieter Borkovsky, 16, from April 15, 1945. The day before the start of the final operation of the Red Army to capture Berlin:


Berlin train The car is full of women and children, refugees, noise, roar, panic. Someone shouted. Everyone saw a simple and dirty German soldier, with iron crosses for participating in a battle with tanks. “” I want to tell you something, “he yelled, and there was silence on the train.

This is what the Germans did. The revenge of the Russians is fair and it seems very soft to me.

“- Even if they don’t want to listen! We must win this war, we must not lose courage. If the others win – Russians, Poles, French, Czechs – and at least one percent do to our people what we did to them for six years “They have been working with them for years in a row, in a few weeks not a single German will be alive. This is what someone who has been in the occupied countries for six years tells them! “The train was so quiet that you could hear the fork drop.”

An offensive greater than day D forgotten

23 May

Since the end of WWII, western historiography has led us to believe that the Normandy landing was the decisive element for the victory in Europe. Nothing is further from reality.
The Russians were already near Poland and in Operation Bragation they defeated, and eliminated, the German Army Group Center, causing them more casualties than in Stalingrad.
The Russians would have arrived alone at the Atlantic and some say that the Anglo-Saxon landing was to avoid it, because Churchill had been delated it so that the human waste in front of the Germans would suffer the Russians.

If you look at the number of Anglo-Saxon soldiers in front of the Russians, you can see the difference in effort, 2.5 million Russian soldiers against 160,000 Allied soldiers in Normandy the day of invasion (about 2 million at the end of August ), and only 50,000 in the South of France.

The initial D-Day landings were made with approximately 175,000 Allied troops against about 80,000 Wehrmacht soldiers.

Operation Bagration, which was launched on June 22, 1944, pitted 2.3,  million Russian troops, supported by 36,400 artillery pieces, 5,200 tanks and 5,300 aircraft, against the Germans’ Army Group Centre, which numbered 700,000 men, 900 tanks and 1,350 aircraft.

Within a month of launching, Bagration had succeeded. In relentless lightning attacks, Soviet forces annihilated 17 German divisions and reduced another 50 to half-strength, which translated into a net German loss of 42 divisions. Army Group Centre was no more. Moreover, the Soviets had punched a hole 400 kilometres wide and 160 kilometres long in the German front. By September, they would be knocking on German-occupied Warsaw’s door.*

Meanwhile, the western Allies, wedded to Montgomery’s unimaginative tactics, were still mired on the Normandy beachhead. Only on July 26, 1944, did their attempts to break out succeed, under Patton’s — not Montgomery’s — leadership.

Their breakout was aided by the fact that Bagration had forced the Wehrmacht to redeploy 46 divisions, including some from France, to the eastern front. Even then, the western Allies’ failure to close the Falaise pocket in August allowed the retreating Germans to escape. The Soviet juggernaut made no such mistake. Indeed, as Bagration showed, by the time the western Allies got around to launching their second front, which Stalin had been clamouring for since 1941, the Red Army almost didn’t need it.*

The total casualties in Normandy of the allies were . from D-Day to 21 August 225.000 about , in the D Day operation about 10.000.

The Red Army suffered 178.507 killed and missing and 587.308  wounded and non-battle casualties, 765.815 in total *

The casualties of the Germans , against the Russians, only in the Operation Bragation were 445.000 about.

In the West, twenty-five out of 38 German divisions had been utterly destroyed. The rest had been reduced to shattered remnants. In total, the Germans suffered 290,000 casualties in Normandy, including 23,000 dead, 67,000 wounded and around 200,000 missing or captured.

*https://www.timescolonist.com/opinion/op-ed/comment-operation-bagration-was-the-real-d-day-1.1127733

** Hitler´s Greatest Defeat . Paul Adair 

 By the end of May 1944 the Wehrmacht had 58 divisions in the west, of which only 11 were deployed against the D-Day landings. At the same time, however, the Germans deployed 228 divisions in the east. Thus, the Germans had almost four times as many troops facing the Soviets. And they had less than one-20th of that number in Normandy

In order to show the outside world the magnitude of the victory of Operation Bragation, some 57,000 German prisoners, taken from the encirclement east of Minsk, were paraded through Moscow: even marching quickly and twenty abreast, they took 90 minutes to pass

Parade German Prisoners in Moscow.

Operation Bragation

So, the Operation Bragatios was a lot more important that D Day, and some people said that the D Day Celebration would have to be changed by Operation Bragation´s celebration, but that is a utopia when Russia is not even invited to the events celebrating D-Day.

Trials of Germans Criminals

21 May

“Simple crimes and atrocities do not constitute the most serious point of the charges brought. What is serious is the fact of having consciously participated in a system of tremendous cruelty and injustice with absolute disregard for all moral principles in civilized nations ” American magistrate Dan Haywood, played by a sensational Spencer Tracy, in the movie “Judgment at Nuremberg.” 1961.

Foto film Vencedores o vencidos
Foto film Judgment at Nuremberg.


There is a common feeling in the West that the leading German assassins were tried and punished after WWII. Nothing is further from reality. Only a handful of assassins were tried, not even the tip of the iceberg, the German assassins tried represent only the size of a seagull perched on the iceberg.

In the well-known Nuremberg trials in 1945, only 24 high-ranking German assassins were tried and not even all were punished, some were acquitted!

There were other trials :

1963-65 Cologne. Germany. German judges.)  13 tried…. 7 term imprisonment….6 acquitted.

2001 Lodz Poland. Polish judges  ) 1 criminal tried….1 term impprisonment. He was sentenced to 8 years’ imprisonment, with consideration given to his advanced age

  • Dachau trials…245 criminal tried…132 executed…103 terms imprisonment…10 acquitted

A public opinion poll conducted after the Frankfurt Auschwitz trials indicated that 57% of the German public were not in favor of additional Nazi trials.

  • Majdanek trials, the longest Nazi war crimes trial in history, spanning over 30 years…The first one in Lublin ( Poland ) 6 tried…5 executed, 1 suicide.

The second one in Lublin an other cities of Poland 1946-1948 . 95 tried …7 executed…88 terms imprisonment, most very shorts.

Third Majdanek trial 1975-1981 Düsseldorf , Germany, 16 tried…5 acquitted, 11 shorts terms imprisonment ( German Judges )

  • 1. Frenzel, Karl, carpenter; arrested in 1962. Accused of personally killing 42 Jews and helping to murder approximately 250,000 Jews. Found guilty of personally killing 6 Jews and of helping to murder approximately 150,000 Jews. Sentenced to life in prison.4. Ittner, Alfred, laborer. Accused of helping to kill approximately 57,000 Jews. Found guilty of having assisted in the murder of approximately 68,000 Jews. Sentenced to four years in prison.7. Lachman, Erich, mason; accused of helping to kill approximately 150,000 Jews; freed.10. Juhrs, Robert, porter and janitor; accused of helping to kill approximately 30 Jews; freed.
  • 12. Lambert, Erwin, tile layer; accused of helping to kill an unknown number of Jews; freed
  • 11. Zierke, Ernest, saw mill worker; accused of helping to kill approximately 30 Jews; freed.
  • 9. Unverhau, Heinrich, male nurse; accused of helping to kill approximately 72,000 Jews; freed.
  • 8. Shutt, Hans, salesman; accused of helping to kill approximately 86,000 Jews; freed.
  • 6. Fuchs, Erich, truck driver. Helped in the construction of the gas chambers at the death camps BelzecSobibor and Treblinka and was convicted for having directed experimental gassings that killed at least 3,000 Soviet prisoners. Also found guilty of assisting in the murder of at least 79,000 Jews. Sentenced to four years in prison. He died in 1984.
  • 5. Dubois, Werner, mechanic. Accused of helping to kill approximately 43,000 Jews. Found guilty of having assisted in the murder of at least 15,000 Jews. Sentenced to three years in prison.
  • 3. Wolf, Franz, warehouse clerk; arrested in 1964. Accused of personally killing one Jew and helping to murder 115,000 Jews. Found guilty of having assisted in the murder of at least 39,000 Jews. Sentenced to eight years in prison.
  • 2. Bolender, Kurt, hotel porter; arrested in 1961. The former commander of extermination Camp III was accused of personally killing approximately 360 Jews and of helping to murder approximately 86,000 Jews. Committed suicide in prison before sentencing.

Gustav Wagner, Deputy Commandant of Sobibor, who had ordered the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Jews as chief of the selections and had been sentenced to death in absentia by the Nuremberg Tribunal. With the help of the Vatican, Wagner and Franz Stangl escaped to Brazil, where Wagner was admitted as a permanent resident on April 12, 1950. Wagner lived openly in Sao Paulo until his arrest in May 1978, but the Brazilian Supreme Court refused to extradite him to Germany. According to his attorney, Gustav Wagner comitted suicide in October 1980.

  • Treblinka trials in Düsseldorf, Germany.( 1951-1988 . Frankfurt & Düsseldorf, Germany , Jerusalem , Israel)  12 tried….0 executed….10 terms imprisonment…2 acquitted.

The first SS man brought to trial for war crimes committed in Treblinka was Josef (Sepp) Hirtreiter in 1951.

He was rearrested and brought to trial in Frankfurt am Main in March 1951, at his trial he was recognised by Sawek Warszawski, who left for dead in a burial pit, survived.Hirtrieier was found guilty of war crimes and was sentenced to life imprisonment on 3 March 1951.

Hirtreiter was released from prison in 1977 due ti illness. He died 6 months later in a home for the lederly in Frankfurt.

Among the crimes of which he was found guilty of were beating two prisoners until they were unconscious, because money had been found on them, then hanging them by their feet and finally killing them with a shot in the head: killing many young children ages one and one –half to two, during the unloading of transports, by seizing them by the feet and smashing their heads against the boxcars.
A very approximate summary of the judgments of the trials gives us this graph.

Importantly, many sentenced to death and all sentenced to life imprisonment had their sentences commuted for a few years in prison and in the early 1950s virtually all were free walking the streets of Germany.

Another graph of sentences when judges were Germans. 0 death sentences.

And still today the news is being heard of an old man who is being tried for his crimes, most of the time they do not even go to trial or are acquitted because of their age. The collaborationism of German justice with the Nazi assassins deserves a separate chapter.

Belarus the martyr

16 May

Belarus is a Soviet republic that has been part of Russia centuries ago, After 1918, borders Poland on its western border, previously the Russian empire included Poland and extended to limit with Germany.

Belarus suffered enormous human and material losses. According to official figures, 2 million 200 thousand citizens were destroyed (every 4 inhabitants). Some researchers increase this number to 2.9 million people. 380,000 people were taken to forced labor in Germany, of which 260,000 did not return to their homeland, and most of them died.

Rosgachev Rayon dentro de bielorrusia
Rosgachev District

Khatyn is a town where the Germans burned all its inhabitants alive, as they did in thousands of villages.

An inscription is engraved on one of the Khatyn monuments: “We burn ourselves alive in the fire. Our request to all: that pain and sadness become a powerful power so that it can perpetuate peace and tranquility on Earth” . These words are addressed to us and to our children.

There is a very interesting book :

CRIMES GERMAN Fascist Occupants IN BELARUS 1941 – 1944 Compiled by:

  1. I. Beluga, N. And Kaminsky, A. L. Manaenkov,

A.V. Semenova, A.A. Factorovich, I.P. Khovratovich,

Candidate of Historical Sciences G. N. Shevela

Editors:

Candidates of historical sciences

P.P. Lipilo and V.F. Romanovsky

Bielorrusia, 1965 .– 464 p.

This book details the atrocities committed by the Germans narrated by survivors to commissions of inquiry after the populations were liberated by the Russian army.

Rosgachev Rayon
Rosgachev District

The No. 126 details the atrocities committed in Rogachev’s dostrict. It is very interesting because in addition to the systematic destruction of the region’s wealth and culture, it details the murder of the inhabitants by various methods, burying them alive, burning their houses with them inside, shooting them and all kinds of atrocities. And how the German assassins tried to erase the traces of their crimes when the Russian army approached.

It even has a list of the main assassins at the end of the writing.

It is a compendium of everything they did in Belarus and the areas occupied by them.

Number 126

From an act of the Rogachev district commission for the investigation of atrocities committed by Nazi invaders in the district in 1941—1943

December 15, 1944

We, the undersigned, are a commission composed of the chairman of the commission,

Secretary of Rogachev RK CP (b) B Sverdlov Samuil Monosovich, members of the commission: Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Rogachev District Council

deputies of workers Drachev Karp Mikhailovich, chairman of the executive committee of the Rogachev city Council of deputies of workers Yakutovich

Roman Grigoryevich, the prosecutor of the Rogachev district Levina Raisa Samuilovna, residents of the mountains. Rogachev: Shubin Evgeny Stepanovich, Streltsov Stepan Alekseevich, Pogulyaev Ivan Grigoryevich, Rector

Rogachev Orthodox parish priest Alexander MikhailoVich Khvedosyuk, doctor of the Rogachev hospital Anatoly Sorokoumov Ivanovich and teacher of Rogachev secondary school Fedchenko Yadvigi Alexandrovna, drew up the present act of atrocities and atrocities committed by the Nazi invaders and their accomplices civilians of the Rogachev district of the Gomel region Belorussian SSR.

On August 15, 1941, the Nazi invaders, having occupied the territory of the Rogachev district, introduced the regime of bloody terror and robbery.and violence.

During the period of occupation of the Rogachev district, German occupants destroyed and destroyed the entire industry of the region: a canned milk factory, a timber factory, a cardboard factory, a flax factory, a distillery,bakery, brick factory and 22 industrial cooperatives.

Grodno
Grodno

The Germans destroyed the city’s public utilities. In the mountains. Rogachev 1,230 homes were burned and destroyed. The invaders destroyed and destroyed Cultural and educational institutions of the region: Teacher Institute,school of tractor mechanics, school of nurses, school [for] training agricultural personnel, vocational school, [school] FZO, destroyed 51 schools, 5 orphanages, 8 kindergartens, 23 houses of social cultureand a club, the House of Pioneers, the House of party inquiry, the House of the teacher, a cinema, 52 libraries, a printing house. Germans destroyed healthcare facilities district, destroyed collective farms, state farms, MTS, burned all public

the construction of collective farms and 5,109 houses of collective farmers and individual farmers, sacked collective farm livestock, and seized livestock from 79 percent.collective farmers and individual farmers …

Nazi occupiers and their accomplices did not stop on destruction and looting. From the very first days of the occupation, they began mass extermination of peaceful Soviet citizens of all nationalities

of any gender and age by killing, executions, burning, burial alive in the ground, starvation [and other] brutal ways.

The extermination was carried out according to the premeditated Nazis plan, without investigation and trial.

Partisan hanged Minsk
Partisan hanged Minsk

The first executions were carried out by German executioners near the sawmill, in the basements and in the courtyard of the former. central warehouse. As pointed witness Naydenova, there the Germans were shot ex. the chairman Maxim Pribylsky plant’s plant committee, employee of the district executive committee Frumenkov and many others.

In the first week of November 1941 in the mountains. Rogachev fascist barbarians committed the most bloody and atrocious crime: in a ditch behind a cardboard factory 70 meters from the river. The German executioners killed about 3 thousand Soviet citizens of Jewish nationality. By means of this wild bloodthirsty pogrom, the fascist bastards destroyed everything that was completely left in Rogachev, the Jewish population of all ages – from infants to the deep old people. Before the execution, the executioners scoffed at their victims for a long time. Fascists kept men, women and children in raw cold cellars of the former warehouse, from where they drove them every day to the hardest work. Driven by German sticks, the doomed removed stones and bricks, carried sand and water. Women and teenagers raked hands of sewage from the latrines, on which there were signs: “Only for the Germans. ”

Burning factories
Burning factories

Mocking defenseless people in early November

Fascist cannibals drove all the Jews into the building of the former warehouses, divided the people and took them to the moat in batches. The Nazis forced their victims to lie in rows in the ditch, and then they shot them with machine guns and rifles or simply killed them with butts.

The Nazis took small children by the feet, hit their head on frozen ground and threw them into the ditch into a common pile of the dead.

In March 1942, in the same ditch, they were tortured and executed.

300 Soviet citizens of Jewish and Gypsy nationalities, gathered from all over the region. A little later, mass executions of Soviet citizens were carried out by German executioners in the Russian cemetery over the Dnieper. This terrible place Rogachev called “the valley of death.”

Here executions were carried out daily. Germans in the cemetery in advance dug a hole 3 m wide, 6 m long and 3 m deep, and when this hole filled with corpses, pulled out a new hole. There are such pits in this “valley death ”was 10.

The reprisal at the cemetery was usually carried out as follows: the Nazis led to the next well of the doomed, put them in a row and shot.

The bodies were covered with a thin layer of earth. Then another party followed, etc.

To the “valley of death” from the Gestapo building was trodden by hundreds suicide bombing track. There they shot loners, in groups of 10— 20 pax Witness Simanenko Nina says that in the “valley deaths ”, well-known residents of Rogachev Karasik, Khokhov were shot

Mikhail, teacher Andreev Grigory and others, as well as the director of the Gorodets MTS Soldatenko, chairman of the Zabolotsky village council Shevelev, Chairman of the collective farm “Revolution” Kupreev Prokop, his son Nikolai and many others

November 28, 1943 in the mountains. Rogachev the Nazis drove into the barn more 200 people and burned them alive, but those who managed to escape from the flame, they shot and threw back into the fire.

Witness Chasov Mikhail Nikolaevich, living on the street. Drutskoy, d. No. 28, says: “November 27, 1943 at 2 o’clock. of the day the Germans began to throw my property out of the barn. Nearby were carts with draws.

At 6 o’clock. in the evening a closed car came to the barn. November 28 even before dawn, I again saw a closed car. From the attic of your home I began to watch what was happening. The Germans set fire to my barn and shed my neighbor Kolesnikov Lavra. Terrible screams came from the sheds.

Suddenly I saw that a man in one underwear ran out of Kolesnikov’s barn.

The man ran stumbling. Following him, the Germans began to shoot. Person fell down. Two Germans ran up, grabbed him and dragged him, and the third was walking followed by the feet and rubbed the bloody track remaining on the road. ”

There is no village or village in the region where the fascist invaders did not commit atrocities against Soviet citizens, and some villages and their inhabitants were subjected to mass extermination or were driven into fascist slavery.

Bueca de civiles
Russia, search of civilians by soldiers, in Belorus there were thousands of images like this one.

So, back in 1942, the Germans burned the village of Pakhar, and on June 12, 1943

the Germans wiped out the Molot collective farm of the Malostrelkovsky village council. Eyewitnesses of this terrible picture of Starovoitov Ignat and Stolyarov

Galina said: “Early in the morning of June 12, 1943, German punitive

detachment burst into the village. The Germans began to drive residents out of their homes,

beat with butts. 6 pax were immediately killed on the street. In the hut of Kirilenko

Isaac Germans drove 20 people. residents, shot at the unfortunate with machine guns, threw grenades at the windows, then lit them. The house burned down with people. In the hut of Stolyarov Sergey, the Germans drove 25 people. and burned too. If he who tried to escape was shot. ”

The Germans burned and looted the village. Selets Stankovsky village council, where 204 people were shot, tortured and burned alive. civilians.

Timofey, the collective farmer Muzychenko accidentally saved from death, said: “On November 2, 1943, a German punitive detachment surrounded dawn the village. The Germans broke into the village, went into the houses, butts drove residents into the street. Who did not have time to leave or fell behind shot. All villagers were driven into 2 large houses.

The Germans closed the doors, opened machine-gun fire at the windows and threw grenades, and then lit the houses. The unfortunate residents who jumped out of the windows and tried to flee were shot by the Germans. After the fire on the streets there were only smoldering firebrands

and charred corpses of the inhabitants. ”

Civiles huyendo
Russia, civilians on the run

Unheard of atrocities were committed by German occupiers in the Tikhinichsky village council. Here, on October 13, 1943, a German detachment of 65 men, armed with machine guns, machine guns and mortars, accompanied by a tank, broke into the village. Tolochkov. The Germans dispersed through the village, became kill everyone who catches your eye.

On the same day, 100 people. Germans broke into another locality

Tikhinichsky village council – der. Mortkovo. The village was burned, and all residents who were at home were shot.

Resident of the village The Germans put the old village of Vikhrov Mikhail Borisovich in a cage where there were German shepherds. Vikhrov sat with the dogs for a day, and then he was taken to the railway and shot.

Stepanchikov Ivan Korneevich, resident of the village Old Mazolov, the Germans tied their legs to the sleigh, harnessed the horse and dragged until until he passed out, and then killed with a hammer.

Death civilians
Dead civilians near Minsk

October 13, 1943 German punitive detachment in the amount of 100 people.

surrounded der. Falevichi of the Krushinovsky Village Council, burned the village and exterminated the villagers in the amount of 235 people.

In Rogachev, Gadilovichi and the Palace there were camps for prisoners of war of the Red Army captured by the Red Army, the German executioners cruelly mocked, starved and cold. Every day from the corpses carried out the corpses of prisoners of war of the Red Army.

In the long chain of crimes of the Nazi invaders, a special place is occupied by the forcible deportation of Soviet citizens to Germany, their brutal exploitation and systematic extermination. Germans arranged uniform raids on people in the village and the city. They broke into villages and took able-bodied adults and youth. In the city, there were people in homes, institutions, the bazaar, and even in movie theaters; they put them in cars, drove them to the railway station, loaded them into freight cars and took them to Germany.

Hitler’s killers tried their best to hide their traces crimes.

In 1942, in the spring, as shown by numerous witnesses of the mountains. Rogachev, the water eroded the moat, where there were more than 3 thousand corpses. Corpses swam in the river Drift. The Germans mobilized the entire population to catch swimming corpses with hooks and just with their hands, forced to bury again.

In December 1943, before retreating from the city, the Germans rummaged the whole ditch to hide the traces of his atrocities. And from the earth were dug all decomposed corpses, skeletons, bones and stacked in such stacks way: a series of corpses and bones, and on it – a series of logs. These piles were doused with kerosene, tar and ignited. Tr and day and three nights far was visible fire. The Germans did not allow anyone to tear. Produced in November and in December 1944, thorough inspections of the places of mass extermination of Soviet citizens by a special commission discovered sites in the ditch and in the cemetery, loaded with a layer of 40 cm, consisting of the remains of fired bones, ashes, lumps of very humus, residues metal parts of clothing: hooks, buttons, buckles from trousers, etc.

Despite all the tricks of the German invaders to hide traces their bloody crimes, based on statements by Soviet citizens, the interrogation protocols and testimonies the commission established that during the period of occupation of the territory of Rogachev district by German the invaders,were shot, hanged, burned alive and tortured 6 353 people peaceful Soviet citizens. The case materials are attached

lists of names for 2,225 people *, and the names of the rest are currently not possible to establish. 1 478 people were driven into German slavery. Lists attached for 1312 people. *, and the names of the rest could not be established.

Based on statements by Soviet citizens, interrogation protocols and testimony the commission found that the destruction in the mountains. Rogachev, villages and villages of the Rogachev district, the total robbery of the population, the mass extermination of peaceful Soviet citizens took place with the personal participation and direct leadership of the commandant

German Field Commandant Major Merlot, his deputy. major

Diller, commandant of the city commandant’s office of Lieutenant Rudolph,

Commissioner for Agriculture, Captain Zipkeh (large German landowner), Gestapo chief Lieutenant Mentrop, district ** agricultural commandant Bush (landowner), his deputy. Major Rolke Anthony (landowner), head of the central trading Bushman Society (Berlin entrepreneur), his deputy. Cresse, Chef Shturbana, Lieutenant Moor. About which this act is drawn up.

Chairman of the Commission Sverdlov;

members of the commission:

9 signatures are illegible

Signature assures

Chairman of the Rogachev Executive Committee

District Council of Workers’ Deputies Drachev

Población civil
Civil population in Borisov

Foibe massacres of Italians

6 May

 In the WWII tragedy, there were so many massacres that it is difficult to find a country where no one had been carried out.

    Of course, the massacres committed in the Holocaust against the Jews are known. It is the best known and documented. The one committed in Eastern Europe against the Slavs, more than three million Russian prisoners killed by hunger in a few months, the fastest and largest slaughter in history is less known, and the slaughter of millions of Slavs in German-occupied areas is almost unknown.

    Along with these great massacres there are numerous, also almost unknown, and not all committed by the Germans, these were like the demons who gave free rein to the worst savagery of their collaborators, Baltics, Romanians, Ukrainians, etc., and sometimes of all against all, Poles. against Ukrainians, Ukrainians against Poles, Romanians against Hungarians and vice versa.

    At the end of the war, there was a logical repression against the Germans, expelling them from areas that they had inhabited for centuries, in Czechoslovakia, Poland or some Baltic states, including Romania, but even though German historians amplify everything they may have suffered at this time, these expulsions were unparalleled with the killings committed by the Germans during the war, neither in number nor in cruelty.

One of these unknown massacres that occurred after the war was the one committed against Italians residing in the Istria peninsula, simply for being Italians and to evict them from the land they had occupied for centuries.The Foibe massacres were called.

 In a very brief history of the Istrian peninsula, this was Italian (from the Republic of Venice) from the year 1000, approximately, to 1797 when it passed to the Habsburgs, in 1918 after the First World War, it passed  again to Italy, until 1947, when it was divided into two zones, A and B under Allied rule, and later in 1954, zone A with Triestre passed back to Italy and zone B to Yugoslavia. Subsequently Zone B in 1991 was divided into two independent countries, Slovenia and Croatia.









A part of Istria was dividen between A and B zones.

  The peninsula was always populated mainly by Italians and Slavs.

Italian presence 1900-1910

    

Istria with Fiume and some regions of Dalmatia, including Zara), were annexed to Italy after the First World War, realizing the longing of the Italian irredentists. But at the end of World War II, the former Italian territories of Istria and Dalmatia became part of Yugoslavia under the Paris Peace Treaty (1947), with the sole exception of the municipalities of Muggia and San Dorligo della Valle. The last territory that passed into the hands of the Yugoslavs from Tito was that of Pola in southern Istria: in February 1947 almost 30,000 of its 33,000 inhabitants (almost all Italians) left the Istrian city and joined the exodus, prompting action demonstrative and vengeful of Maria Pasquinelli (who killed the British general De Winton, head of the allied troops in Pola).

Italian sources estimate that some 350,000 Italians (along with a few thousand anti-Communist Slovenes and Croats) were forced to flee these areas as a result of the conflict. Many were terrorized by Tito’s paramilitary forces, who massacred thousands of Italians in the Foibes and requested indiscriminate bombardment by the allies of the Italian civilian population, such as in small Zara. 

Italian victims

After the exodus, a few hundred Italians remained in Dalmatia and a few thousand in Istria (especially in the Istrian areas of the Free Territory of Trieste).

In any case, in various municipalities in Croatia and Slovenia, the 2001 census data shows that there are still a certain number of Italians living in Istria, such as 51% of the population of Grisignana / Grožnjan, 37% in Verteneglio / Brtonigla and 39.6% in Buie / Buje.

Foibes massacres

The name was derived from a local geological feature, a type of deep karst sinkhole called foibe, because the murderers threw their victims at those foibes. 

After the Italian defeat, these actions became widespread, now directed exclusively towards the Italian population and in greater numbers, from several hundred to many thousands of people, according to Slavic or Italian sources. 

Some places of killings

Tens of thousands of Italian fascists, anti-fascists and also civilians were thrown into the foibe. Some were first shot; other times they were thrown alive; or they were tied two by two, only one received the shot and they were thrown together to death in the pit [appointment required]. Many of these corpses are still there, not located, since in the Istrian area alone, more than 1,700 narrow sinkholes up to 200 meters deep are cataloged.6 170 bodies have already been extracted from these graves.7 Some of the associated names to this massacre would be those of Norma Cossetto or Francesco Bonifacio.

Norma Cosetto´s story deserves to be remembered.

Norma Cossetto was born in Visinada (Western Istria) in 1920, into an Italian bourgeois family from Istria. From a young age she joined the Italian youth organizations of Pola and enrolled in 1939 at the University of Padua to graduate as a professor of Italian literature. 

Norma Cosetto

In September 1943 (after the Italian Armistice) Norma was preparing her graduation thesis (entitled “Istria Rossa”), when she was kidnapped by Tito’s troops and imprisoned for having refused to collaborate with the partisans against the Italians.

On October 5, 1943, after being repeatedly tortured and raped, she was thrown alive in a foiba, along with three dozen other Italians. Out of extreme contempt, Norma (who was a physically beautiful girl, 2) had her breasts amputated by executioners before being thrown into the chasm. A week later, his remains were found by German troops, who shot some of his torturers.

The foiba where student Norma Cossetto was thrown alive is located near Pirano, in northwestern Istria.

After the Second World War his death has been prosecuted as emblematic of the Foibe massacres and the ethnic cleansing carried out by Slavs in Istria: in 1949 the University of Padua awarded him the laurea “honoris causa” and at the beginning of 2005 the Italian President Ciampi awarded him the “Medaglia d’oro al merito civile”.

In July 2011 the cities of Trieste and Narni (Terni) dedicated a street to it.

Some italians films, and books, deal with the subject.


The Germans are vampires of children … literally (II)

31 Jan

Of all the hateful crimes committed by the Germans, the murder and torture of defenseless children for me is the worst.

We are in a society haunted by the media, especially TV, where we go from the image of an agonizing child in Africa to the announcement of a luxurious villa or how to cook meat better. Murders and violence of all kinds have been seen by our children before and to a much greater extent than us and therefore their sensitivity is not the same as ours to their years.

Likewise, interest in history, which was never the majority, is less than ever and current Germans benefit from it, since if the atrocities of their parents and grandparents were known in depth, the whole world would spit in their faces.

We will not go into the concept of collective guilt, which for me it exists, but it is true that no people, not even the Japanese have committed so many cruelties in such a systematic way and with the participation, and knowledge, of so many people .

As we saw in my previous post on this subject, the Germans drew blood to Russian children until their death, now we will see that they also did it with Jewish children despite all their theories about the races, it seems that Jewish blood was worth them for their wounded . What a country of hypocrites!

This atrocity was known as early as 1943 :

This topic is limited to the last years of World War II and to Eastern Europe: Slavic children were kept in special camps for the sole purpose of delivering blood to wounded German soldiers and officers in military lazarettos. More than a dozen such camps have been named and recognised by sources and witnesses; towards the end of WWII some of the “Vampire Camps of the Wehrmacht” were transferred to Germany. 

The children were collected on the street or taken by force from their parents. Depending on the rarity of their blood group they had to deliver blood once a week, or even more frequently. The age-limit was from 5 years (often lower) till puberty. The withdrawal of blood is remembered by the victims as a coarse procedure that caused considerable pain. 

After blood withdrawal, the children were given candy – but no nourishing sustenance. When the children inmates of these camps were bled dry, they were disposed of by gas-wagon or shut. Very few survived. The documentation on the procedure is poor. Relevant historical documents from the times were found mostly in Eastern Europe, not in Germany. Systematic historic research has not yet been undertaken anywhere. 

The paucity of documents deserves special interest: The demand for fresh blood increased during the course of the war. Medical personnel indoctrinated in Nazi race theory knew of the “risks” they run of mix Slavic with Arian blood. The loss in manpower could be reduced by transfusing “inferior” Slavic children’s blood to wounded German combatants – a typical dilemma between ideology and experience. Transfusing Slavic blood to Arian military had to be kept as a strict secret by the Wehrmacht, particularly from the SS. The transfusions from child to wounded had to be conducted with extreme division of labour and careful compartmentalization, avoiding personal contact between “donor” and recipient. Following WWII the Soviet authorities had no interest in recognising this small group of children as victims. The practice came to light only as a by-product of war crime trials and thanks to recent testimony of survivors.

Vincent C. Frank-Steiner (Basel, Switzerland) – Slavic children forced to donate their blood for wounded enemy soldiers

More testimonies :

Short childhood at Krasny Bereg 

German killers of children

Testimony of Lyudmila Melashchenko

……………….

Are there many who remember and can speak about this?

For a long time, few people knew that there were children’s donor concentration camps. Veterans, partisans and heroes were the focus, having brought victory. Children were victims. There were five donor children’s concentration camps in Belarus, with four located in the Gomel Region and one in the Minsk Region. Only one prisoner-of-war — Zoya Kazakevich — returned from Krasny Bereg camp; she has died now but had a miraculous escape. She was brought to Germany, where a German woman dragged her out of a pit half-dead and helped her recover.

What happened to those children whose blood was taken?

In most cases they died. Blood was taken several times, leading to the children losing consciousness and failing to wake. Only a few survived, but we have no exact figures. I do know that the Germans took 3,500 litres of blood from children at Salaspils concentrated camp. Child-donors were in a privileged position, receiving soup, sweets, tea and hot chocolate on their days of blood collection. Those who weren’t fit were mercilessly killed.

More from Lyudmila Melashchenko :


In the Estate Of Winczent-Pokrewski. The enormous halls of architectural monument during the war were hospital chambers for the injured German soldiers and the officers. 

– Here was a German garrison… And in this building all rooms, and here them there were about 33, they were filled by the injured. And these injured needed the fresh donor blood, tells the scientific worker of memorial “Belorussian children – the victims of fascism” Ludmila MELASHCHENKO. In the same building – the occupiers held about 2000 children. Predominantly girls from 8 to 14 years. the 1st group of the blood and positive Rh factor were most frequently encountered precisely in them. Benevolent aunts in the white dressing gowns regularly came and took away children by groups. They placed to the tables under the inclination and pushed through slender knobs into the openings in the wall. They took away the blood completely, and bodies were burnt.



No German has been punished by these horrific crimes, no nurse, no doctor, no soldier, returned to Germany mostly safe and educated their children and grandchildren, how did they educate them and what remains of these murderers in their descendants?




Of course the Germans taked blood from every prisioner :

Gisella Perl’s memoir “I Was A Doctor In Auschwitz” 

“The doctors of the hospital were sent for. The sight which greeted us “when we entered Block VII is one never to be forgotten. From the cages along the walls about six hundred panic-stricken, trembling young women were looking at us with silent pleading in their eyes. The other hundred were lying on the ground, pale, faint, bleeding. Their pulse was almost inaudible, their breathing strained and deep rivers of blood were flowing around their bodies. Big, strong SS men were going from one to the other sticking tremendous needles into their veins and robbing their undernourished, emaciated bodies of their last drop of blood. The German army needed blood plasma! The guinea pigs of Auschwitz were just the people to furnish that plasma. Rassenschande or contamination with “inferior Jewish blood” was forgotten. We were too “inferior” to live, but not too inferior to keep the German army alive with our blood. Besides, nobody would know. The blood donors, along with the other prisoners of Auschwitz would never live to tell their tale. By the end of the war fat wheat would grow out of their ashes and the soap made of their bodies would be used to wash the laundry of the returning German heroes.

We were ordered to put these women back on their feet before they returned to camp so as to make place for others. What could we do without disinfectants, medicines, liquids? How could we replace the brutally stolen blood? All we had were words, encouragement, tenderness. And yet, under our care, these unfortunate creatures slowly returned to life and they even smiled when saying: “This is still better than the crematory.”

Block VII was always full. Once it was the women with beautiful eyes who were told to come forward, once the women with beautiful hands. And the poor wretches always believed the stories they were told, came forward, and to the amusement of the SS henchmen gave their last drops of precious blood for the German soldiers who used the strength robbed from us to murder our friends, our relatives, our allies.” 

The Baltic is a sinister sea

15 Nov

Despite being a nearly closed sea and not much indepththe Baltic Sea is rich in 

maritime disasters.

Tallin

Especially during WWII there were many sinking boats, many of them full of civilians. The last one 7 September 1994 (Finland). 852 dead and 137 survivors in the sinking of the Estonian ferry linking Tallinn with Stockholm.

One of the worst desasters was the Soviet evacuation of Tallinn, also called Tallinn disaster or Russian Dunkirk, was a Soviet operation to evacuate the 190 ships of the Baltic Fleet, units of the Red Army, and pro-Soviet civilians from the fleet’s encircled main base of Tallinn in the Soviet Republic of Estonia ( That belonged to Russia from XVIII century ) during August 1941.

 As is often the case when the victims are Russianthe facts are minorised or blamingly concealed. No doubt because humanizing the enemy is against the rules.

Tallin 1
Planned route

Given the German advance and the atrocities they were committing against civilians in their way, the Soviet command considered it convenient to evacuate the Russian fleet so that it would not fall to the invaders together with the maximum number of civilians possible.

In expectation of a Soviet breakout, the Kriegsmarine and the Finnish Navy had started on 8 August 1941 to lay minefields off Cape Juminda on the Lahemaa coast. While Soviet minesweepers tried to clear a path for convoys through the minefields, German coastal artillery installed a battery of 150 mm (5.9 in) guns near Cape Juminda and the Finnish navy gathered their Flotilla with patrol boats VMV9, VMV10, VMV11 and VMV17. At the same time the German 3. Schnellbootflottille with E-boats S-26, S-27, S-39, S-40 and S-101 was concentrated at Suomenlinna outside Helsinki. German bombers based on airfields in Estonia were put on alert. 

The Germans started their  attack on Tallirm on August ]9, but the Russians, supported by the guns of the coastal defences and warships were able to hold their ground for nearly a week, 011 August 26:r however,the Cermans broke ínto the city, and the Russian Suprerne Comrnand ordered the evacuation of Tallin, , Afrer two more days of intenslve streer Ilghtlng, the convoy of troop transports and warships sailed frorn Tallinn harbour. The Germans claimed that “not a single ship” would be able to leave Tallirm; but, according tq, the Russians, “most” of the ships, including the flag-ship Fivfinskr got through, despíte constant attacks frorn German aircraft and torpedo boats, and floatingmines whích the Gerrnans had scattered throughout the Gulf of Finland.

   During the night of 27/28 August 1941 the Soviet 10th Rifle Corps disengaged from the enemy and boarded transports in Tallinn.

Ruta 1

   The embarkation was protected by smoke screens, however, the mine-sweeping in the days before the evacuation began was ineffective due to bad weather, and there were no Soviet aircraft available for protecting the embarkation. This, together with heavy German shelling and aerial bombardment killed at least 1,000 of the evacuees in the harbour.

Kirov Cruiser
Kirov cruiser with smoke screen.

   Twenty large transports, eight auxiliary ships, nine small transports, a tanker, a tug, and a tender were organized into four convoys, protected by the Soviet cruiser Kirov, with Admiral Vladimir Tributs on board, two flotilla leaders, nine destroyers, three torpedo boats, twelve submarines, ten modern and fifteen obsolete minehunters, 22 minesweepers, 21 submarine chasers, three gun boats, a minelayer, thirteen patrol vessels and eleven torpedo boats. When these ships had departed, forming into a column some 15.5 miles (25 km) long as they moved out into open water.

Convoy

   On 28 August Luftwaffe bomber sank the steamer Vironia, the  Lucerne, the Atis Kronvalds and the  ice breaker Krisjanis Valdemars. The rest of the Soviet fleet were forced to change course. This took them through a heavily mined area. As a result, 21 Soviet warships, including five destroyers, struck mines and sank. On 29 August, the Luftwaffe,  accounted for the transport ships Vtoraya Pyatiletka , Kalpaks and Leningradsovet  sunk. In addition, the ships Ivan PapaninSauleKazakhstan and the Serp i Molot were damaged by I./KG 4, which also sank three more. Some 5,000 Soviet soldiers died.

Kirov
Kirov cruiser

  Later that evening the armada was attacked by Finnish and German torpedo boats, and the chaotic situation made organized mine sweeping impossible. Darkness fell at 22:00 and the Soviet armada stopped and anchored at midnight in the heavily mined water.

  Early on 29 August Ju 88 bombers attacked the remains of the convoys off Suursaari, sinking two transports. Meanwhile, the undamaged ships made best speed to reach the safety of the Kronstadt batteries. The heavily damaged merchant ship Kazakhstan disembarked 2300 men of the 5000 on board before steaming on to Kronstadt. In the following days ships operating from Suursaari rescued 12,160 survivors.

  The biggest losses were suffered by the trawlers and destroyers trying  to take the Convoy through the Gerrnan rníneflelds. In the end, the “greater part” of the ships, carrying several thousands soldioers, landed ein Kronstaadt or Leningrad.

The Russian naval garrisons of Dagö, and other íslands off the Estonian coast, held out till the middle of October, when the 500 survívors of the defence of Dagö succeeded in sailing under cover of night to Hangö, the Russian naval base in Finland, which was then stíll in Russian hands,  

The Soviet evacuation of Tallinn succeeded in evacuating 165 ships, 28,000 passengers and 66,000 tons of equipment.The evacuation of Tallinn succeeded in recovering 165 ships, 28,000 persons and 66,000 tons of equipment, but the losses were more than 12,000 military and civilian dead as well as 13 warships and 34 merchant vessels.
At least 12,400 are thought to have drowned .
The evacuation may have been the bloodiest naval disaster since the battle of Lepanto

But unknown for the Westerners.


The human tragedy 

The numbers are cold, 12,000 dead dozens and sinking ships do not impress us much, but when we put the magnifying glass on the disaster and see the people and their dramas, everything is very different.

Harrison.E. Salisbury in his book “The 900 days” give us more human details.

“Aboard the Virona it was also the mess hour. Mikhailovsky, his notebook in hand, sat down at the long table. Among those waiting on table was a young girl with black braids, sensitive face, blue eyes. She looked to Mikhailovsky like a girl graduate. After dinner everyone went on deck to atch the German planes. The girl, her hair neatly braided, stood next to Mikhailovsky.

“How strange war begins”, she said.”So unexpected. I just don´t understand anything”.

“Are you from Leningrad?” he asked.

“Yes”, she said, ” and I Happened to be in Tallin quite by accident”.

The talked for a while, then the ship moved on to the east…..

…….

The whistle of falling bombs filled the air.Suddenly Mikhailovsky felt the ship shudder. The deck under his feet seemed to rise up. The next moment he was under water, sinking to the bottom. To the end. So it seemed. Then he rose…….

……………

He felt something in the water-something firm and cold.He turned about and saw a body floating, the skull crushed an the face a mass of pulp. Only by the black braids did he recognice the schoolgril from Leningrad who had found hersef in Tallin by sheer chace.”

” A sailor on the gunboat Sneg saw the Virona sink. The passengers were mostly staff of the Baltic Fleet, officer´s wives, propaganda workers, newspapermen, Party officials,The quarterdeck was crowded, but in the sea the sailor colud perceive the dark figures of people swimming. Across the watery expanse heheard the faint sound of the Internationale. The crowd on the deck was singing, ant the stirring strains rolled over the waves. Then the sailor heard the thin crack de shots and the yellow flash of flame as officers took their own lives in the last moment befor the shipp disappeared below the waves.

The Sneg picked up dozens of survivors. Some of the womwn has lost all their clothes.Some of the men were histerucal. Later another gunboat picked up a woman who had clung to a German mine for hours before she was taken off. She was a commander´s wife. She had sung the Internationale with the others . But she put no bullet in her head. She simply leaped into the water and eigteen hours later was rescued.

Anataly Tarankesov jumped from the ship in full uniform, wearing his greaycoat, hispocket filled with manuscripts and notes, his pistol in his belt. He joined a circle of passengers who were holding hand and attempting to support each other with the help of life belts. Soon his limbs grew stiff, and he slowly swamoff. How long he had been swimming he don´t know when a tug appeared and he was hauled aboard.”.

Casa en ruinas en Leningrado
Leningrad´s ruins

Fair punishment

At the end of World War II the Germans tried their own medicine. Before the advance of the Russian army, attempts were made to evacuate civilians from East Prussia to the west by ship, and several ships were sunk, including the Wilhem Gustoff on January 30, 1945 with a total of 10,582 passengers and crew. From them 9600 were dead.

All four captains on the Gustloff survived and that its sinking, but an official naval inquiry was started only against Wilhelm Zahn. His degree of responsibility was never resolved. There does not seem to be much value on their part as the Costa Concordia captain recently also demonstrated.

The Polish liked to denounce Jews.

26 Oct

There are countries that refuse to confront their past and many with their present.

 

The Turks continue to deny the Armenian genocide more than a century later, the Germans continue with much amnesia about what they knew or not in Hitler’s time and the Poles present themselves as if the only ones who murdered Jews were the Germans.

Today, in the times of the Internet and instant news, the extermination of Christians in the Middle East and throughout the Muslim world goes unnoticed, in a Western world more concerned with veganism than with murdered Christian children.

 

Both Turkey and Poland have enacted laws trying to create a single truth, in which of course their crimes do not appear. We are going to challenge them.

A Spanish proverb says that “one button is enough to show the totality”.

In his book Jan Grabowski  “Hunt for the Jews” Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland”. Indiana University Press. 2013.  It deals with the hunting of Jews in an area of Poland during the German occupation. We will see if it is true, as the Poles say, that only the Germans killed Jews.

First it is necessary to know that in the occupied zones, in addition to the German gendarmes there was a Polish police, called “blue”, because of the color of their uniform.

After the liquidatiion of guettos in 1942, some Jews went into hiding in Dabrowa Tarnowska county, and many others. But the book study only this county that was controled by Germans till January 1945.

Dabrowa Tarnowska

The author said that the death can come to the Jews by a German gendarm, a Blue Polish policeman or from a neighbour.

Polish “blue” policeman fines a Jew for jaywalking, .

  We know that most humans are not heroes, so the risk of continued help to the Jews cannot be expected from the majority of the population, however there were heroes who paid with their lives, and that of their families, that help. But at least one indifference or neutrality could be expected, but on the contrary this book shows that the majority willingly collaborates in the hunt and death of the hidden Jews.

  Poles did not begin to persecute and denounce Jews suddenly when the Germans arrived, Polish anti-Semitism is very old and as strong or more than German. Already in the 1930s there were anti-Jewish pamphlets such as “Don’t buy anything from a Jew,” much like those of the German Nazis at the time, and riots against Jewish businesses, breaking windows, beating them, and so on. 

  Even Prime Minister Felicjan Sławoj-Składkowski, seen by many as sympathetic to the plight of minorities, declared himself in favor of an economic boycott of Jewish commerce. In his speech delivered in the Polish parliament (Sejm) on June 4, 1936, the prime minister said “yes, to economic struggle, but no to physical violence.” 



According to Grabowski, Poles were responsible, directly or indirectly, for the deaths of more than 200,000 Jews during the Holocaust. He held this estimate to be very conservative, as he did not include victims of the Polish Blue Police.”The great majority of Jews in hiding perished as a consequence of betrayal. They were denounced or simply seized, tied up and delivered by locals to the nearest station of the Polish police, or to the German gendarmerie.” 

 Symcha Hampel, who went into hiding in a village close to Radomsko, noted in his wartime diary: 


 “Poland is probably the only country in the world where practically the whole society betrayed and handed over to the Germans each hidden Jew, their fellow citizen. I want to stress that thousands of Jewish children have been caught this way, handed over to the German murderers. The Poles worked hard and well [to make it possible]. . . . The entire Polish society is to be blamed, and the Polish clergy most of all. Only now, living among the Poles, can I see how deeply entrenched is antisemitism in Polish society . . . the priests often discussed the Jews in church and thanked God that these parasites were gone once and for all. They were grateful to Hitler for having done the dirty work [for them].  


I´m not sure that Poland was the only country in the world that did it, the Baltic countries and others had similar behavior.


   Grawoski ontinues : The alleged closeness between Jews and gentiles living in the rural areas did not translate, according to contemporary witnesses, into stronger empathy, better treatment, or more energetic attempts at rescue. On the contrary, many peasants, seduced by modest prizes and inducements offered by the Germans, became actively involved in hunting down the Jews. Others joined the search out of fear. In many cases, the fleeing Jews had left their belongings with trusted peasants for safekeeping. For some farmers, this was too much of a temptation, and Jewish merchandise, money, or livestock became a reason for betrayal or even murder. 

Some Jewish hunt sites


in Borek Fałęcki, Wieliczka, Bochnia, and Swoszowice, for instance, 500 złoty and a kilogram of sugar were being offered for every captured Jew. These tactics resulted in success for the Germans. The local population in great numbers turned Jews over to the Germans, who shot these “criminals.” . . . Besides rewards, the Germans also utilized a system of punishments for hiding the Jews. Posters threatening capital punishment for this “crime” appeared before every “liquidation action” against the Jews in any given locality. 

 

Circumstances of Death of Jews in Hiding, Dąbrowa Tarnowska County 


Killed by the German police (gendarmerie)—own action……………………… 7 

Killed by the German police (gendarmerie)—denounced by the locals,,,, 98 

Killed by the locals ……………………………………………………………………….    7 

Killed by the “blue” Polish police—own action ……………………………………13 

Killed by the “blue” Polish police……………………………………………………..102

Denounced by the locals 102 Unknown circumstances………………………. 59 


Victims (total)……………………………………………………………………………. 286 

As we can see, most of the murders are committed by the Polish blue police or by denunciations from Poles to Germans.

 One testimony :

In one of the Jewish testimonies we read that “in 1942, Rywka Glückmann and her two sons found shelter in the house of one Michał Kozik from Dąbrowa Tarnowska (Ruda Zazamcze). He kept them from 1942 until 1944 (three months before the Russians arrived), as long as they paid him. Once the money was gone, Kozik murdered all three of them with an axe. Jews hiding across the street (Chaskiel Gruszow with his mother, Berker’s sister and Aron Berker) heard the howls of the murdered, and the next day learned that the Glückmanns were dead.”

Another one:

Sometime in 1942 or 1943 “unknown Jewboys came during the night to the farm of Andrzej Łach, trying to steal some apples from the trees.” 23 The “unknown Jew-boys” actually proved to be two young Jewish girls, who were soon caught by the peasants. “Later the persons who were caught,” testified one of the witnesses, “asked to be let go,” but they asked in vain, and both were brought to the village elder. He, in turn, asked the village “section leader” and two other peasants to deliver the girls to the police detachment in Bolesław. Once in Bolesław, the peasants surrendered the Jewish girls into the custody of German gendarme Richard Keter, who—later that day—shot them in a nearby field.

German police officer searches a peasant’s hut. 1942.

Number of people in hiding (countywide) *


% of the known cases of help       % [number] of people who survived the war. 


Paid help                112 [70%]                   9% [10] 

Altruistic help**         48 [30%]                 56% [27] 

No precise data      177                             8% [14] 


Total                       337                           15% [51] 

*Grabowski, Jan. Hunt for the Jews (p. 137). Indiana University Press.

**The category “altruistic help” also includes those helpers who initially offered shelter for money but once their”guests” ran out of financial resources, decided to keep the Jews for free

Grabowski continues :


In the summer of 2009 the influential German weekly Der Spiegel published a front-page article entitled “Dark Continent: Hitler’s European Helpers.” According to its authors, the extermination of European Jews was not only a German deed, but also a result of the involvement of many other nationalities, allies, sympathizers and fellow travelers. The extermination of the Jews was possible with the participation of Latvian policemen, Lithuanian “shooters” ( shaulai), Ukrainian militias and guardsmen, Polish mobs from Jedwabne or Radziłów, French or Belgian volunteers for the SS, but also their civilian and uniformed fellow citizens, who robbed Jews and locked them in prisons. One could carry this list on and on. In Poland, Der Spiegel ’s article raised some ire, mostly among politicians and journalists, who accused the German authors (not without some justification) of trying to share the blame for the Shoah with the rest of Europe. Maybe so, but the question raised by Der Spiegel still requires an answer: would the Germans have succeeded as completely as they did in exterminating the European Jews without the often unforced, and sometimes enthusiastic, support of non-German volunteers and helpers? In light of the evidence presented in this book, it can be argued that the attitudes of the local population had, at least for some Jews, fundamental and existential importance. 


Nothing more to add.

What happened to the Nazi judges?

18 Oct

The more you know in detail what was done with the Nazi assassins after the war, the more surprised one stays.

In the collective memory the Nuremberg trials are identified with the trials of the highest commanders of the Nazi régime, Goering, Hess, etc., but there were other judgments that the public totally ignores.

One of them was the trial of the judges. The German judges who wrote and executed the murdoreus German laws in Hitler’s time. On whose consciences weighed thousands of innocent deaths.

The trial of the judges (officially, The United States of America vs. Josef Altstötter, et al.) Was the third of the twelve war crimes trials that the US authorities conducted in Nuremberg, in the US occupation zone in Germany, after the end of World War II. These twelve trials were executed before US military courts and not before the International Military Court, although they took place in the same rooms at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice

Logically, a common citizen would expect them to be sentenced to harsh punishment or death. It was quite the opposite.

Nine of them had been officers of the Reich Ministry of Justice, the others were prosecutors and judges of the special courts or the Volksgerichtshöfe of Nazi Germany. The trial lasted from March 5 to December 4, 1947.

Criminal war judges tried

 

Josef Altstötter

 Paul Barnickel

 Hermann CuhorstKarl Engert

 

 

 

 

 

The CIA contrated genocides ?… Yes and a lot.

3 Oct

Among the many surprises that the true history of WWII holds for us, the hiring by the CIA of genocides of the worst kind is one of the biggest. No wonder this story has been hidden for decades till recently.

   Some of us knew that USA recruited killer scientists like Von Braun for its space flights and atomic studies, by the way the Russians also “recruited” German scientists, but what the CIA did overcomes this horror and lack of scruples if that were possible.


  Damien Lewis en his book “SAS nazi hunters” Quercus. London. 2019. Pages 307-399.Said :

  

 Under the US War Crimes Disclosure Act, the CIA was forced to release an assesment of its links to former  Nazis, marked “secret” and entitled “”America” Seeing-Eye Dog on a Long Leash”……

  In 2006, a limited number of Gehlen Organization files were released under the US War Crimes Disclosure Act. From the study of those, the highly respected federation of American Scientist (FAS) Proyect on Government Secrecy listed the names of the top Nazi war criminla employed by the Gehlen Organization and thus also by the CIA


   These included: former SS Oberführer Willi Krichbaum. responsible for the deportation of Hungarian Jews, of ,whom some 300.000 lost their lives. SS Standartenfürer Walter Rauff. who personally designed and supervised the mobile extermination vans used to gas Jews; SS Oberführer Dr. Franz Six. who in 1941 commanded an Einmt:gruppe that exterminated the Jews of the Russian city ol Smolensk; SS .Sturmbannführer Alois Brunner. a Gestapo official who  worked directly under Adolf Eichmann, and who ‘purged’  Paris of its Jews. 

    And lest one concludes that this was purely an Americm  phenomenon, the British proved equally adept at recruiting  suspected Nazy war criminals eilher to spy on the Russians, or   because they were privy to Nazi Germanys much-sought-afler   technological and military secrets. If there were an equivalent   British act to the US Nan War Crimes Act – which sadly there   isn’t currently – files would doubtless emerge that would prove   equally disconcerting.


  In this web you find more names :


https://www.checktheevidence.com/wordpress/2006/06/13/old-news-1951/



Waler Rauff young
Walter Rauff old

The designer of exterminattion vans

  Died in 1984 in Santiago de Chile ( Chile)


  Rauff is thought to have been responsible for nearly 100,000 deaths during World War II. He was instrumental in the implementation of the Nazis’ genocide by mobile gas chamber. His victims included CommunistsJewsRoma and people with disabilities. He was arrested in 1945, but subsequently escaped and was never brought to trial. 

 Now we know why he “escaped”.

The Gehlen Organization or Gehlen Org was an intelligence agency established in June 1946 by U.S. occupation authorities in the United States zone of Germany, and consisted of former members of the 12th Department of the German Army General Staff (Foreign Armies East, or FHO). It was headed by Reinhard Gehlen who had previously been a Wehrmacht Major General and head of the Nazi German military intelligence in the Eastern Front during World War II.
The agency was a precursor to the Bundesnachrichtendienst (or Federal Intelligence Agency) which was formed in 1956 with majority of nazis in the staff.

 

Reinhard Gelen , the “Boss”

Franz Six

 

Franz Six was assigned as chief of Vorkommando Moscow, a unit of Einsatzgruppe B in the Soviet Union. During this command, Six’s Kommando reported “liquidating” 144 persons. The report claimed “The Vorkommando Moscow was forced to execute another 46 persons, amongst them 38 intellectual Jews who had tried to create unrest and discontent in the newly established Ghetto of Smolensk.

Franz Six.in the Einsatzgruppen Trial of 1948

 the Nuremberg tribunal sentenced him to 20 years’ imprisonment. A clemency court commuted this sentence to 10 years, and he was released on 30 September 1952. He served about 7.5 years from his arrest to his release- about 13.5 days for each of his 200 victims. CIA files suggest Six joined the Gehlen Organization, the forerunner to the Bundesnachrichtendienst, in the 1950s.[

  Franz Six retired to Friedrichshafen in southern Germany. He worked as a publicity/advertising executive for Porsche

Klaus Barbie
Was in France where Klaus Barbie won the nickname “Butcher of Lyon.” He did so after stopping 44 Jewish children from an Izieu orphanage; assassinate resistance leader Jean Moulin; end the life of more than 4,400 prisoners; Torture 14,000 French and deport more than 7,000 people to the dreaded German concentration camps.

In 1947, the United States produced a report on this character and the possibility that his police work against the Jews was useful in the Cold War to persecute the hidden communists in Germany.

 Thus, Robert S. Taylor (one of the first swords of the secret counterintelligence services of the US -CIC-) described the bestial “Butcher of Lyon”: “He is an honest man, both intellectually and personally, without nerves or fears, a declared and idealistic anti-communist of Nazism who believes that his ideas were betrayed by the Nazis in power, and the same happened with Allan A. Ryan Jr, assistant to the Attorney General of North America, who else later he emphasized the following: “If Klaus Barbie was at your disposal, it was effective, loyal and reliable […] to use it, it corresponded to the best American interests of the moment”.

    Later, in October, USA. UU. He established that Barbie became part of the US secret services to fight communism. Thereafter, the “Butcher of Lyon” served as a spy under the American umbrella to fight the USSR.

  All this, although it was closely followed by the justice of the allies. «The French government tried to locate Barbie. His ambassador to Washington and other important leaders put pressure on the State Department and the United States High Commission for Germany, asking them for help in their work. But the CIC continued to give him work, ”adds the expert in his work.

   So it was until a few years later. Luck wanted that, in 1951, the sources of information of this former Nazi officer put him aside. This fact, together with international pressure, caused the White House to obtain this cruel false documentation subject, offered him a new identity, and escorted him to Genoa, from where he fled to South America.

   It was not for less, because they felt a real dread at the possibility that it was out of the tongue. The last point was in a report sent by the counterintelligence service itself in 1950. It explains that “to claim, Barbie points out that he served the CIC faithfully against communism in recent years.” It was the best thing that would happen to the former Nazi officer, as the Americans had even considered ending their lives to avoid explaining what had happened in the country.

  And, those years the United States was more concerned with preventing the spread of communism (materialized in the coup d’etat of Fidel and Raúl Castro against Batista in Cuba back in 1952), than thinking of scruples. Based on this – and as specified in 2008, “Daily Express” journalist Paul Callan in his report “The Nazi Cocaine Connection” -, the Americans suffered a Barbie to traffic with “coca paste” and ” sell assault weapons. to ‘rightists’ »in some more Latin American countries could.

  The specialized historian in Latin America Paul Gootenberg is of the same opinion, as indicated in his book «Andean Cocaine. The process of a global drug ».

  For his part, the essayist James Cockcroft goes even further in the work “Latin America and the United States: country-by-country political history” and explains that Barbie’s connection with the government was even greater: “A former Vice Minister of Interior of Bolivia testified that Barbie had been Lieutenant Colonel of the Bolivian army, who helped establish concentration camps and was responsible for the imprisonment, torture and death of opponents of Bolivia’s military government in 1964-1982. Barbie also organized the sale of weapons in a circle of drug traffickers.

In 1984, Barbie was indicted for crimes committed as Gestapo chief in Lyon between 1942 and 1944. The jury trial started on 11 May 1987 in Lyon .

Barbie was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment. He died in prison in Lyon four years later of leukemia and spine and prostate cancer at the age of 77.

Meanwhile in Germany :

After the war, the restoration of former officials to positions in the Foreign Ministry occurred at an astonishing rate. The political division alone soon counted 13 former Nazi Party members among its top officials, while 11 of the 17 senior members of the legal department were former Nazis. “There is no other federal ministry,” then SPD parliamentarian Fritz Erler concluded, “that is maintaining the continuity of Berlin tradition in this manner than the Foreign Ministry.”

The restoration of the old elites also had consequences for foreign policy, which veteran diplomats still deny to this day. Old Nazis were usually sent to posts in South America and Arab countries, where they shaped the image of the supposedly new republic. The diplomats repeatedly took steps to protect Nazis hiding abroad and accused war criminals from persecution.

In the 1950s, the German embassy in Buenos Aires unquestioningly issued travel documents to the family of Adolf Eichmann, one of the key organizers of the Holocaust, for a trip to Germany. No one bothered to draw any conclusions about Eichmann’s whereabouts.

As SPIEGEL revealed in 1968, the main legal protection office at the Foreign Ministry even developed into a “warning service” for old Nazis. With the help of the Red Cross, the diplomats informed about 800 Germans and Austrians that they should avoid traveling to France, because they had been convicted of war crimes there and could run into “difficulties.”

The case of the Finance Ministry, in particular, highlights the dangerous pragmatism adopted by West Germany’s founders in their personnel policies. Shortly after the new constitution had come into effect, Konrad Adenauer, postwar West Germany’s first chancellor and anything but a Nazi sympathizer, demanded an “end to this sniffing out of Nazis.

“You can’t build a Finance Ministry if you don’t have at least a few people in senior positions who understand something about earlier history,” Adenauer told the parliament, seeking to justify his support of staffing continuity.*

* Der Spiegel

Cephalonia Another forgotten German crime

31 Mar

The murders of the Germans in WWII are so varied and carried out on so many victims that it surprises. At the moment it is fashionable, induced by several German historians, to reflect that the allies also committed crimes in the WWII, to try to exculpate the German crimes.

  Of course the allies committed crimes, from the rapes of women by the African soldiers of the French army to robberies or also rapes by American and Russian soldiers, but trying to compare them with those committed by the Germans is like trying to compare an ant and an elephant.

  From the creation of destined fields to exterminate those who entered, the first time in the history of mankind that something similar has been done, to the meticulous planning of the extermination by fame of the occupied cities, not to mention the vans that gassed to which they went in them, extermination of cities and villages with all their inhabitants, etc, in contrast the Russians fed the Berliners the day after occupying Berlin.

  Currently in a European Union dominated by Germans, all important positions have a German holder or his second is German, mentioning German atrocities is not well seen.

  But it is curious that the more we investigate in the history of WWII, we find different victims. 

Cephalonia Island

   In the case that we are going to relate, it is about Italian soldiers. After the invasion of Sicily in July 1943 by the Allies, the Italian government signed the armistice with the allies on September 8, 1943, so that the Italians ceased to be officially allies of Hitler, although Mussolici supported by the Germans maintained in northern Italy a certain time.

  

Cephalonia Island

In the Cephalonia Island in Greece the 33rd Acqui Infantry Division resisted to the German attempt to disarm them after the armistice of Italy with the allies, operation Achse.

The General Antonio Gandin was the commander of the 33rd Acqui Infantry Division , and on 11 September, the Italian High Command sent two explicit instructions to Gandin, to the effect that “German troops have to be viewed as hostile” and that “disarmament attempts by German forces must be resisted with weapons”

Antonio Gandin

   The situation was confusing. Gardin did not want to fight with the Germans who had been his allies but he did not want to disobey the terms of the allied armistice.

  Some German ships were sunk when they approached to the island. 

  Gandin presented his troops with a poll, essentially containing the three options presented to him by Barge (Lt Colonel Johannes Barge arrived with 2,000 men of the 966th Fortress Grenadier Regiment, including Fortress-Battalions 810 and 909 and a battery of self-propelled guns and nine tanks.)

  1. Join the Germans
  2. Surrender and be repatriated
  3. Resist the German forces

The response from the Italian troops was in favour of the third option by a large majority.

Despite help for the Italians from the local population, including the island’s small ELAS partisan detachments the Italians were defeated.

At the end of the battle the Italians had 1200 dead and the Germans 300, although at the beginning of the battle the Italians took 400 German prisoners, the Italian soldiers were conscripted against the German professionals, something similar to the Malvinas war decades later.

 The massacre started on 21 September, and lasted for one week. After the Italian surrender, Hitler had issued an order allowing the Germans to summarily execute any Italian officer who resisted “for treason”, and on 18 September, the German High Command issued an order stating that “because of the perfidious and treacherous behaviour [of the Italians] on Cephalonia, no prisoners are to be taken.”[The Gebirgsjäger soldiers began executing their Italian prisoners in groups of four to ten.The Germans first killed the surrendering Italians, where they stood, using machine-guns. When a group of Bavarian soldiers objected to this practice they were threatened with summary execution themselves. After this stage was over, the Germans marched the remaining soldiers to the San Teodoro town hall and had the prisoners executed by eight member detachments. General Gandin and 137 of his senior officers were summarily court-martialled on 24 September and executed, their bodies discarded at sea.

Alfred Richter, an Austrian, and one of the participants in the massacre recounted how a soldier who sang arias for the Germans in the local taverns was forced to sing while his comrades were being executed. The singing soldier’s fate remains unknown.Richter stated that he and his regiment comrades felt “a delirium of omnipotence” during the events. Most of the soldiers of the German regiment were Austrians. This event reminds me of the events of the holocaust by bullets in Poland and the USSR, when the Germans forced a young Jewish girl to dance naked on a table while they were machine gunning her people and with her parents.

Harald Von Hirschfeld

“When people saw how cold-bloodedly the Germans slaughtered Italian soldiers, they were horrified,” Perrotta explains. Enemies became allies as Greeks hid Italians to save them from death. Even today, the relationship between Greece and Italy is much less complicated than the relationship between Greece and Germany. 

In the 1950s, the remains of about 3,000 soldiers, including 189 officers, were exhumed and transported back to Italy for burial in the Italian War Cemetery in Bari. The remains of General Gandin were never identified.

German translator Doris Wille has lived in Kefalonia for almost 30 years. For many years, the massacre has accompanied her in her work and in her contact with people, though she learned about it by chance: “I had been living here for a few years before I heard about the massacre for the first time by chance at the end of the 1990s. I translated a travel guide about the island and saw that the Italian version contained a chapter about the massacre that was simply missing in the German version. When I asked the (Greek) author about it, she said that you couldn’t expect German tourists to be able to deal with it. That’s why she left it out.”

Wille believes, one thing is neglected when focusing on the massacre: “What is often forgotten about when it comes to the horrific magnitude of this war crime is that there was also a lot of suffering among the Greek population. In the12 months of German occupation that followed the massacre, villages were torched and people executed.” In recent years, there has been an increase in publications on the subject, Wille emphasizes. But Germany still has a lot of catching up to do in terms of understanding the years of occupation in Greece.

Hubert Lanz

As usual the killers were not punished or they were punished very lightly. Only Hirschfeld’s superior commander, General Hubert Lanz, was sentenced to 12 years imprisonment at the so-called “Southeast Case” of the Nuremberg Trials for the Cephalonia massacre, as well as the participation of his men in other atrocities in Greece like the massacre of Kommeno on 16 August 1943.He was released in 1951 and died in 1982. Lt Colonel Barge was not on the island when the massacre was taking place. He was subsequently decorated with the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross for his service in Crete. He died in 2000

What makes the Germans so lethal to other people? As an Englishman said, it will be a long time before they are allowed to enter the club of civilized countries again, but everything is forgotten and they dominate, economically, Europe again.

The Germans are vampires of children … literally

21 Jul

The atrocities committed by the Germans are so many and so cruel that it is hard to believe them. The Germans hid them for decades in the postwar period, aided by the Americans and the English since the Nazis and the Philonazis who ruled in post-war Germany were their allies against Russia in the cold war.

Even now many of the atrocities are still hidden, most of the population knows the concentration camps and the gas chambers, but little or nothing of the mobile gas chambers, the burning of entire villages with all their inhabitants, of burying alive to the prisoners or to extract the blood of the Russian children until they died to provide it to the wounded Germans.

Yes. This seems horror movie happened, and not by a sadistic individual like Mengele but in a systematic and widespread form.

 Resultado de imagen
Svletana Alexievich

In her splendid book, Svetlana Alexievich, Nobel Prize for literature, collects the stories of Russian children during the war. Shudder read it.

 Location of  Belarus  (green)in Europe  (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Belorus

Belarus has been one of the republics of the Soviet Union that suffered most during WWII, lost one in every four inhabitants and the Germans created true demographic deserts in her.


The Germans murdered civilians in 5,295 different localities in occupied Soviet Belarus. and the population of Belarus did not regain its pre-war level until 1971.Germany destroyed 209 out of 290 cities in the republic, 85% of the republic’s industry, and more than one million buildings.

In Svetlana Alexievich´s book a child of only four years , Sasha Suetin relates:

  I only remember my mother …

First picture …

My mother always wore a white coat … My fatherhe was official, my mother worked in the hospital. That’s what my older brother counted later. I just remember my mom’s white coat. I do not even remember his face,only the white coat … And also his white cap; She left italways on top of a small table, upright,never on the side; It was starched.

Second image …

Mom has not come home … I had become used tothat my father was out often, but Mom always coming home. My brother and I are left alone in home several days, we would not go out: “What if mom comes back?” . Someone knocked on the door. They are strangers, they dress us and they take us somewhere. I cry.

-Mom! Where is my mom?

-Don’t cry, mom will find us. -My brother reassures He’s three years older than me.

We were in a house, or in a long barrack, sitting in platforms to sleep. Hunger is constant, I suckthe buttons on the shirt, look like candy Dad brings me from his trips. I wait for mom.

Third image …

A man puts me and my brother in a corner of the platform. He covers us with a blanket, he throws some rags above. I cry and he caresses my hair.

I calm down

Every day it repeats itself. One of the times I’m bored of waiting so long under the blanket and

begin to cry for low, then cry loudly. Someone appears,take the rags and pull the blanket. I open my eyes: in front of me there is a woman wrapped in a white coat.

-Mom! – I crawl towards her.

She caresses me. First the hair …, then the hand … Then take something out of a small metal box.I do not notice anything, I only see the white coat and the hat white.

Suddenly, a sharp pain in the hand! I have one needle stuck in the skin. I scream and I faint. I recover, next to me sits the man who has been hiding us On the other side, my brother is lying down.

-Don’t be afraid -the man tells me- o He is not dead, he is asleep.

– It was not mom?

-Do not …

-She had a white coat, like mom … I repit again and again, and another.

-I made a toy. -The man passes me a Little ball of rag.

I take the toy and I stop crying.

I do not remember anything of what happened next: who and how did they save us from the German concentration camp? There the children drew blood for the German soldiers wounded. The children died. How did my brother and me arrived to the orphanage? How, at the end of the war, we received the warning of the death of our parents? Something happened to me in the memory. I do not remember faces, I do not remember words …

The war finished. I started the first course. Other children they would read a poem two or three times and they would able to remember it. With ten times I was not able to learn it from memory,  but for some reason the teachers did not put me never bad notes. To others yes, to me no.

This is all my history.

It´s difficult don´t cry after read this……

A testimony of Valia Matushkova, five years :

«HIS MILITARY SHIRT WAS WET …»

Valia Mátiushkova, five years

She is currently an engineer

I’ll surprise her! I would like to remember something funny. Cheerful. I like to laugh, I do not want to cry. Oh, oh, oh … It’s already, I’m crying again …

My father takes me to motherhood and tells me that ee will buy a child. I want to know what my little brother. I ask my father: «and how is it?». Heanswered : “He’s a very small kid.”

Suddenly, my father and I are in a very high place , the smoke comes through the window. Dad carries me in his arms;I ask that we return, that I have left my beautiful small bag. I get angry and I cry. Dad is quiet and he narrows me down to  him, he tightens me so hard that I can not breathe. Soon my father disappears, I walk down the Street with a woman. We pass in front of a fence, after it are the prisoners of war. It’s hot, they ask us give them water. I have two candies in my pocket. I throw them above the wire fence. But how come I have those  twins sweets ? I do not remember. Some throw bread … Cucumbers … The guard shoots and we run …

It’s amazing, but I remember all that … With detail …

I remember in the juvenile center, which was close to with a wire. They were guarding us German soldiers and dogs; they were German shepherds. Among the children there was some who could not even walk, crawled. When they were hungry, they licked the soil … They ate the dirt …These were dying soon. The food was very bad; of the bread that they gave us our tongue swelled, so much that I could not speak. We do not even talk We only thought about eating. You had just have breakfast and you were already asking: “What will there be for the lunch? ». You had lunch and thought: “What will there be for dinner?”

We went under the wire and escaped to the city. Our only objective was to go and look for garbage  Hit with a herring skin or with a few potatoes was an event. We eat them raws.

I remember that once, in the dumpster, I was caught by a man. I panicked.

– Sir, I will not do it again.

He wonder:

-Where is your family?

-I do not have. I’m from the juvenile center.

He took me to his house and gave me food. In his house there  was only potatoes to eat. They boiled potatoes and I ate a whole casserole.

From the children’s center they moved us to an orphanage; the orphanage was in front of the building of the High School of Medicine, there the German hospital was installed. I remember the low windows, the heavy shutters that they closed at night.

There they fed us very well, I gained weight. A woman that cleaned it there, it took me a lot of love. I felt sorry for all the children, but above all for me. When they were coming to take blood, we all tried to hide:

“The doctors are coming …” She hid me in some corner. And he kept repeating that I looked like his daughter. The other children got under the beds and from there they were taken out with some bait: one day was a piece of bread, another day a toy. A little red ball was engraved on me …

“The doctors” left and I went back to the room… I remember a little boy lying on a bed, his arm hung out of the bed, dripping blood.

The other children cried … Every two or three weeks different children. Some were taken away, very weak and pales, and brought the new ones. These were fed very well.

German doctors believed that children’s blood less than five years old, did that the German wounded recovered better. They believed that it possessed rejuvenating properties.

I found out later, of course, much later …

But then I was dying to have a pretty toy.That red ball.

When the Germans left Minsk … in retreat…that woman who helped me took us outside: “If you  ihave someone family, look for them. If you do not have parents, go to any village: the people will save you ».

I did what he told us. I went to live at the house of a old woman … I do not remember hher name, or what village she was. Remember that they arrested their daughter and we were both alone: an old woman and a girl. To endure a whole week we only had a piece of bread.

I was the last to know that the village had been liberated. I was sick. When I found out, I got up and I went to school. I was hooked on the first soldier I saw. I remember that his military shirt was completely wet.

Of so many hugs, tears and kisses.        

It´s amazing that this is a organizated chain of killers of children, doctors, nurses, soldiers and no one was punished !

Other testimony :

It is the Estate Of Winczent-Pokrewski. The enormous halls of architectural monument during the war were hospital chambers for the injured German soldiers and the officers.

– Here was a German garrison… And in this building all rooms, and here them there were about 33, they were filled by the injured. And these injured needed the fresh donor blood, tells the scientific worker of memorial “Belorussian children – the victims of fascism” Ludmila MELASHCHENKO. In the same building – the occupiers held about 2000 children. Predominantly girls from 8 to 14 years. the 1st group of the blood and positive Rh factor were most frequently encountered precisely in them. Benevolent aunts in the white dressing gowns regularly came and took away children by groups. They placed to the tables under the inclination and pushed through slender knobs into the openings in the wall. They took away the blood completely, and bodies were bur

And another :

http://fakty.ua/135223-zaglyanuv-v-kladovuyu-ya-uvidela-slozhennye-v-shtabel-tela-detej

If you look in the pantry, I saw a pile of bodies piled in the kids’

70 years ago in the occupied Makeyevka Samokhina Galina and her brother became prisoners of the shelter in which the Nazis used children as donors for the wounded German soldiers

In Makeevka Donetsk region there is the world’s only monument to the donor children, who during the Great Patriotic War took blood for the injured occupants. Monument to murdered juvenile donors have set in place of their alleged dumping: in 1943, when Soviet troops liberated the Makeyevka, in the neighborhood Sotsgorodok of six shallow pits removed 300 children’s bodies. According to the pathologists, were part of a commission to investigate Nazi crimes, these children have died from infectious diseases, and extreme exhaustion. “The complete absence of subcutaneous fat,” – noted in an act of commission. They were mostly children from the Nazis set up a shelter, “Charity” in the dungeons of which have visited about 600 boys and girls aged from six months to 14 years.

– They fed us badly: overthrow the cart in the yard of rotten beets or corn on the cob dry, from which as much teeth chattered, and we are eagerly snapped up by all this so as not to starve to death, – says Galina. – Day of the mass poisoning, I remember very well. The street was unbearable heat. In the shelter brought the barrel with the blood of slaughtered animals, which swam green flies. This goo baked and gave us breakfast. By 11 o’clock in the morning all were poisoned. Many people, especially young children, died. I have the same dark eyes, I went outside and lay down on the bench, which stood at the entrance. The nurse grabbed me by the hair and dragged him off somewhere. “Easy to wash!” – She cried. All surviving children have a gastric lavage.

Prisoners kill shelter in no hurry: they were needed as donors for the wounded German soldiers.

– Nanny came to me and said, “You have to take a blood test,” relegated to a room where I took the blood – says my companion. – But once I tried to escape. Because after these reviews I was very ill for several days dizzy.

Gale could not escape. Nurse grabbed her arm and pulled her into the room where the medical office. While the guard dragged her down the hallway, the girl saw in the room carried the lifeless body of a boy.

The only monument to the children :

 Image
The world’s only memorial complex of the donor children, victims of Nazism, is in Makeyevka Donetsk region, Ukraine. On the stele of black granite inscribed only the names of 120 victims of Nazism.

http://www.proshkolu.ru/club/vov1941-45/file2/120294

After all this, do you consider that Germans are like other nations? I do not believe it.

Vampires of the Wehrmacht

Darkest attrocities

More War Criminals without punishment, or almost

21 Jul

Germany has a complicated and dark twentieth century. Just remember the dismal III Reich. The northern Land of Schleswig-Holstein, is one of those regions where it must hurt to remember. Because, in its day, this region that borders Denmark was one of the German areas where the Nazis achieved more success on their way to power. And, above all, because after the Second World War, the reinsertion of members of the German National Socialist Workers Party (NSDAP, according to its German acronym) was commonplace.
Notables of the totalitarian regime of Adolf Hitler also tried to enjoy there, with more or less success, a second chance. “Schleswig-Holstein sadly has that fame. In the 60s and 70s it was known that there were many cases here of authentic hidden war criminals, who lived undisturbed for a decade or more, “says Karen Bruhn, historian at the Christian Albrecht University in Kiel. “In the 60s it was investigated, but the investigations focused on the most relevant people, and many people with a past in the Nazi party could be integrated into the new democratic state,” Bruhn writes.
Names like Werner Catel, known to practice euthanasia to children in times of Nazism, is one of those relevant figures. “Catel is a well-known example, he lived until his death in Kiel and was a professor at the University of Kiel after the war,” recalls Bruhn. Kiel is the capital of Schleswig-Holstein. Eighty kilometers south of that city lies Lübeck, where Ernst Lautz, who was the Attorney General of the Third Reich, would live until his last days. This man was sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment in Nuremberg. He ended up being released early in 1951, which took the opportunity to settle in Lübeck until his death in 1977.

A doctor who practiced euthanasia on children
In the case of Catel, in 1960 his role in the euthanasia system began to be made public to children with mental illnesses in the National Socialist regime. His retirement, in line with the controversy generated, seemed to be a product of circumstances. It has been estimated that some 5,000 people were victims of the euthanasia system that Catel participated in. After his retirement in Kiel, Catel remained intellectually active, writing several books, mainly on his medical specialty, pediatrics.

 

 Wernel Catel 2
Werner Catel before

One case among thousands :

In early 1939 a farm labourer called Richard Kretschmar requested Catel’s permission to euthanise one of his children, now identified as Gerhard Kretschmar, who had been born blind and deformed. Catel deferred the matter and suggested the father write directly to Hitler  for permission. Hitler subsequently sent Dr.Karl Brandt to confer with Catel and decide on a course of action. On July 25, 1939 the child was killed.

 Werner Catel
Werner Catel after

After the war Catel took charge of the Mammolshöhe Children’s Mental Home near Kronberg , where he continued to rally for the euthanasia of children deemed beyond hope. In 1949 he was found to have committed no grave crimes by a denazification  board in Hamburg , and became attached to the University of Kiel in 1954. There was serious discussion after his death in 1981 of establishing a Werner Catel Foundation with $200,000 from his estate, but the idea was finally dismissed in 1984.
A lawyer of the Nazi state

Ernst Lautz, the Nazi state lawyer sentenced to ten years in prison in Nuremberg, for his part,

 Lautz
Ernst Lautz

participated in the execution of laws against Poles and Jews in the territories annexed by the Third Reich in Eastern Europe. That cost him a conviction for war crimes. But that punishment was abbreviated as was also reduced the life sentence imposed on Franz Lautz was released on parole on Jan. 31, 1951, after serving a little more than three years.

In 1936 he became Attorney General in Berlin and moved in 1937 to Karlsruhe. Lautz, who joined the NSDAP in May 1933, became a prosecutor at the People’s Court from 1 July 1939. He attended the meeting of the highest jurists of the Reich on 23 and 24 April 1941 in Berlin, in which Viktor Brack and Werner Heyde informed about the “destruction of life unworthy of life” in the gas chambers of the T4 campaign. He was in the trial against participants of the assassination of 20 July 1944 representative of the indictment. On January 30, 1945, he and Roland Freisler appealed to the German justice system to affirm allegiance to the “Führer”.

Lautz lived after his release until his death in Lübeck. The pension office in Kiel  had its pension claims since December 1, 1952 (1951 and 1952 was entitled to his position and salary as chief prosecutor) of a high-level lawyer on the 1936 under the National Socialists promotion to Attorney General at the Berlin Court of Appeal “shortened”. The political scandal in the Federal Republic revealed by the Stuttgarter Nachrichten in December 1956 (after five years) led after another five years of disciplinary juridical battles (it was also about, with which title one was allowed to address him: “Reichsanwalt aD”) finally to a ” Gnadenpension “of 600 DM. An attempt was not made by Eugen Gerstenmaier, because the treaty for the settlement of war and occupation issues of May 26, 1952 forbade a repeated condemnation by German courts.

 Lautz 2
Ernst Launtz

Can you get an idea of the thousands killed by this man with that seems a innocent-looking jurist when he is in prison?

Schlegelberger Reich Minister of Justice

Schlegelberger, who was Minister of Justice of the Third Reich between 1941 and 1942.

Schlegelberger  was firmly condemned in Nuremberg to life imprisonment. His participation in war crimes and against humanity was proven there.

Schlegelberger became provisional Reich Minister of Justice for the years 1941 and 1942, followed then by Otto Thierack. During his time in office the number of death sentences rose sharply. He authored the bills such as the so-called Poland Penal Law Provision (Polenstrafrechtsverordnung) under which Poles were executed for tearing down German posters. Schlegelberger’s attitude towards his job may be best encapsulated in a letter to Reich Minister and Chief of the Reich Chancellery Hans Heinrich Lammers:

Dear Reich Minister Dr. Lammers,

 Schelegelberger
Schlegelberger

Upon the Führer-order of 24 October 1941 forwarded to me through Mr. State Minister and Chief of the Führer’s and Reich Chancellor’s Presidial Chancellery, I have handed the Jew Markus Luftglass, sentenced to 2½ years in prison by the Special Court in Katowice, over to the Gestapo for execution.

Heil Hitler!
Your
most obedient

— Schlegelberger

However, for medical reasons, he was released in 1950. He lived two decades in Flensburg until his death on December 14, 1970. Flensburg, practically on the German-Danish border .For years afterward, he drew a monthly pension of DM 2,894 (for comparison, the average monthly income in Germany at that time was DM 535)

The widow of a Jewish Holocaust architect
Another personality infamous for his connection to the original Nazism of Schleswig-Holstein is Lina Heydrich. This woman died in her hometown, Fehmarn (east of Schleswig-Holstein), in 1985. Lina took much of her life the name of her first husband, Reinhard Heydrich. This high office of the III Reich is considered one of the architects of the Holocaust. Because of its implacable and cold character, Adolf Hitler called him in his day “the man with the heart of steel”.

 Mujer de Heydrich
Heydrich and wife

Heydrich died in 1942 after being injured in the so-called Operation Anthropoid. This was an attack carried out by Czech and Slovak agents that would end up costing the life to which he was responsible for the Central Office of Security of the Reich and Nazi leader in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia -now the Czech Republic-. His wife, Lina, showed that she never forgot it. She dedicated his memoirs, published in 1976. They were entitled Leben mit einem Kriegsverbrechen (Ed. Ludwig Verlag, 1976) or “Life with a war criminal”.

 Los Heidrich
Heydrich & wife

Cases like those of Heydrich, Schlegelberger, Lautz or Catel may be the most notorious. But there were a huge number of people with a Nazi past who re-established their lives in Schleswig-Holstein. In post-World War II Germany, denazification did not come immediately after Hitler’s suicide or with the German capitulation of May 7, 1945. In the case of Schleswig-Holstein, the fact arises that, before conflict, it was already one of the regions that most support the Nazi party had experienced.
“In the general elections of July 1932, the increase of the votes to the Nazi party reached a record of 51% when in the rest of the country the increase was of 37.7%”, according to the accounts of the historian Anthony McEllignott, of the University of Limerick (Ireland). Those who, like him, have studied the Schleswig-Holstein case, note that in no other region of Germany did the Nazi party’s support grow in its phase of political ascent.
The most Nazi region in the 30s
Hence Schleswig-Holstein he calls “the brown province”. The brown, in the chromatic code with which the German political parties are identified, is the color attributed to the NSDAP. Currently, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) of Chancellor Angela Merkel is the black and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) is the red. After the Second World War, the brown influence in German politics could be considered to have disappeared. But the Nazis were still there. In the regional parliament of Schleswig-Holstein, without going any further.

 Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein

In Schleswig-Holstein, from the elections to the regional Parliament of 1958, it is known that 50% of the members of the chamber were former members of the Nazi party,” explains Bruhn, the history specialist for the northern German Land. “But these members did not have antidemocratic behavior, the old elites of the regime worked here, yes, but integrated into the new country,” says this historian, alluding to West Germanyparison, the average monthly income in Germany at that time was DM 535).

In Spanish

West Berlin Won’t Prosecute Members of Nazi People’s Court

Judges´s trial

Conclusions of Military Tribunal

The Euthanasian killings

The murderers and their “punishment”.

4 Feb

Here start a short list of some Nazi criminals and their “punishment”, contrary to what most people believe, the vast majority or received no or very mild punishment for hundreds, thousands or hundreds of thousands of murders.

  • Karl Silberbauer. The German police who arrested Anne Frank.

    The victim. Anna Frank
    Karl Silverbauer  young

 Fourteen months in prison for his activities during World War II. In 1954, two years after the publication of the English edition of the Diary of Anne Frank, was reinstated as a member of the Vienna police.

       Some authors said that he collaborated with the intelligence of the Federal Republic of Germany during the postwar. (1) 

Karl Siverbauer old

He died in 1972.

It is not possible to put a photo of the victim in his old age, this murderer and his accomplices prevented her from growing up by killing her so young.


(1) ↑ “Anne Franks Peiniger arbeitete für den BND”, Focus, April 9, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011 (in German).

↑ Ferrer, Elizabeth. “The Nazi police who arrested Anne Frank in Amsterdam was after spy for the Federal Republic of Germany”, “El País” ( spanish newspaper) , April 11, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

  • Alois Brunner . Director of camp and killer.

Born in Nádküt, Vas, Austria-Hungary  (now Rohrbrunn, Burgenland, Austria). He joined the Nazi Party in 1931 and the Sturmabteilung  (SA) in 1932. After joining the SS in 1938.

Alouis Brunner , young

Brunner held the rank of Captain of the SS, when he organized deportations to Nazi concentration camps  from Vichy France and Slovakia. He was commander of a train of Jews deported from Vienna to Riga in February 1942. En route, Brunner shot and killed Jewish financier Siegmund Bosel, who, although ill, had been hauled out of a Vienna hospital and placed on the train. According to historian Gertrude Schneider, who as a young girl was deported to Riga on the same train, but survived the Holocaust:

Alois Brunner chained Bosel, still in his pajamas, to the platform of the first car—our car—and berated him for having been a profiteer. The old man repeatedly asked for mercy; he was very ill, and it was bitterly cold. Finally Brunner wearied of the game and shot him. Afterward, he walked into the car and asked whether anyone had heard anything. After being assured that no one had, he seemed satisfied and left.

Before being named commander of Darncy Internmant Camp near Paris in June 1943, Brunner deported 43,000 Jews from Vienna  and 46,000 from Salonika  . He was personally sent by Eichmann in 1944 to Slovakia  to oversee the deportation of Jews. In the last days of the Third reich he managed to deport another 13,500 from Slovakiato Theresienstadt, Sachsenhausen, Bergen-Belsen, and Stutthof of whom a few survived; the remainder, including all the children, were sent to Auschwitz, where none are known to have survived.

Louis Brunner

After the war,

Claiming he had “received official documents under a false name from American authorities”, Brunner claimed he had found work as a driver for the Unites States Army  in the period after the war.

It has been alleged that Brunner found a working relationship after World War II with the Gehlen Organization

 The Gehlen Organization or Gehlen Org was an intelligence agency established in June 1946 by U.S. occupation authorities in the United Staters  Zone of Germany, and consisted of former members of the 12th Department of the German Army General Staff ( Foreign Armies East , or FHO). It carries the name of Werchamacht Major General Reinhard Gehlen head of the Nazi German military inteligence  in the Eastern Front during World War II.

Alouis Brunner , old.

 The Gehlen Org employed hundreds of former members of the Nazi Party,which was defended by the CIA. 

 He fled West Germany only in 1954, on a fake Red Cross  passport, first to Rome, then Egypt, where he worked as a weapons dealer, and then to Syria , where he took the pseudonym  of Dr. Georg Fischer. In Syria, he was hired as a government adviser.

In an interview of the killer in German newspaper Bunte :

 Brunner was quoted as saying he regrets nothing and that all of the Jews deserved their fate. According to a widely quoted 1987 telephone interview with the Chicago Sun Times, he was reported to have said: “All of [the Jews] deserved to die because they were the Devil’s agents and human garbage. I have no regrets and would do it again.”

Until the early 1990s, he lived in an apartment building on 7 Rue Haddad in Damascus, meeting with foreigners and occasionally being photographed. In the 1990s, the French Embassy received reports that Brunner was meeting regularly and having tea with former East German nationals. According to The Guardian, he was last seen alive by reliable witnesses in 1992.

In December 1999, unconfirmed reports surfaced that Brunner had died in 1996, and been buried in a Damascus cemetery. However, he was reportedly sighted at the Meridian Hotel in Damascus  by German journalists that same year, where he was said to be living under police protection. The last reported sighting of him was at the Meridian Hotel in late 2001 by German journalists.

 

In 2011, Der Spiegel reported that the German intelligence service Bundesnachrichtendienst had destroyed its file on Brunner in the 1990s, and that remarks in remaining files contain conflicting statements as to whether Brunner had worked for the BND at some point

Read more ( BBC)

Read more ( The Times of Israel ) 

Not all countries act the same, some are more murderous than others

25 Nov

One of the many lies that try to inculcate us is that all countries would act the same in certain circumstances, experiments carried out in some American universities ( Stanley Milgram, Yale University ) want to induce us to believe that under certain pressure all men would act the same.

 

The experience of the Second World War tells us that at least at the level of nations this is not true. One can not have 100% certainty in almost nothing, but if one can say that the Germans were mostly anti-Semitic and that their attitudes towards prisoners of war, Jews, Gypsies, etc., was mostly cruel and deplorable. Other countries also acted mostly cruelly, Polish, Baltic, Western Ukrainians, Croats, Romanians, of course there were heroic cases among them, but most are guilty of cruelty or indifference towards it.
But other countries acted in a very different way, the Danes saved almost all of their Jewish population in one day by embarking them in neutral Sweden, the Italians protected Serbs and Jews in their occupation zones against the Croats who massacred them or against the French who sent them ( the Jews ) to the Germans.Also interesting are the stories of the survivors about the difference in the humane treatment of Czech civilians and the inhumanity of German civilians in the death marches.
And, at least for me, one of the most denigrating aspects of the Germans is their denial, even today, to acknowledge that they knew what was happening, I enclose a statement of witnesses from that era that demonstrate that falsehood.

lnga Haag

German woman, member  of anti-Hitler resistance 

 Inga Haad 2
Inga Haad , now

I don’t blame people who didn’t come forward, ‘but to say they didn´t know what was going on is absolute rubbish: in school, in university, you knew- not exactly what happened, but that the Jews had disappeared, We thought the worst because my husband said, ‘If they were still alive we would herard from them,’ But the fact was they had disappeared, they were just not there. That, I think, for my family and friends who were against Hitler,was the greatest encouragement {to resist}: that citizens can just disappear. As my father said :Germany was a country without law. (1)

 Inga Haad 1
Inga Haad , in WWII

Another interesting history about the day of the liberation of Buchenwald camp :

George Hartman

Czech Jewish youth, Buchenwald 

I heard a rumour that the Americans were coming to. liberate Buchenwald but
how the whole camp was dynamited and it would be destroyed before they
came. I thought, well, what can you do? Nothing. The guards were still there.

Then the liberation suddenly happened. And there was this sudden chaos with

people running around and rounding people up. I remember somehow I was at
the officers’ swimming pool which was covered with ashes – in Buchenwald
they were also burning people and it was spewing ashes – and in the water
were these SS swimming. The prisoners threw them in and as they came to
the edge, we would kick them back in until they were all drowned. None of
them survived. We didn’t drown them, we just didn’t let them get out.

Then there was total chaos: the fences were broken and people started run-
ning outside the camp. I was in a horrible shape but I went with this running
mob. And I remember I went to this Ilse Koch’s house. People were taking
things: furniture, lamps – whatever they found. I didn’t take anything. I was
too sick and I decided I wanted to get out of that, I couldn’t stand it because I
was going to be trampled to death – it was mania. I decided to wander away /
(rom the camp and came to a nearby farm. There was a German farm woman, {
scared to death of me, telling me that she didnt do anything, she didn’t know I
there was a camp – and she was about two thousand feet away! – and that her I husband died on the front. She gave me a raw egg, it was the first food and it I
nearly killed me, it was the most disgusting thing.

I stumbled out of that place. If I had been a little more alive, I would have
raped that woman, but at that point there was nothing. Here I had been try-
ing to survive in order to have sex, never having made love in my life, and
here was a single woman, not yet thirty years old, but I had no thoughts of
that at the time. I decided there’s no way I’m going to survive much longer,
the only chance is going back to the camp, so I went back; I don’t remember
the derails, but somehow I got reunited with my brother.(1)

And another about  the real Nazism of many Germans just after the liberation of Bergen Belsen camp:

Freddie Knoller

Austrian Jewishyouth, Bergen-Belsen 

As I was looking for food (in this nearby farmhouse) I saw something sticking
out from behind a wardrobe. It was a framed photo of Adolf Hitler. I took a
knife

 Freddoe Knoller
Freddie Knoller

and slashed it in front of the old farmer. That’s when he came to me and

said, ‘Du sauJude’ – ‘You pig-jew,’ I had the knife in my hand and I just stuck

the knife in his stomach. I don’t know if I killed him or not. The British sol-
dier said, ‘Come on, let’s get back to the camp.’ He didn’t want anything to do
with it. I would never have done that under normal circumstances, it was just
that we were l
iberated and that a German continued to call us ‘sauJude’ (1)

Life of Fredie Knoller

And what do you think the ordinary Germans did when they passed in front of their noses, the emaciated survivors on a death march?, we see :

Roman Halter

Polish Jewish youth, Pimau to Dresden area 

The progress from Pirnau was very slow, we did something like eight or
nine kilometres a day – this was February 1945. We were in our striped
outfits and, before we left, everybody had a strip shorn in the middle
of his head so that if we escaped, we could be easily recognised – so really we
were the first punks! Once we were stopped in an area and asked to sit
down in the market square. The German population came out and the SS
wanted to show what beasts we were, so they cut up bits of turnip and
carrot and threw them in the middle so that we should fight over them. But
our leader said, ‘Don’t fight, keep your dignity.’ We looked up to him and

so we listened. The SS were disappointed so they started kicking those on l
the outside of the circle, but we didn’t perform. Very few of the people who (


came to stare had any empathy with us. They shouted insults and said that we were responsible for the bombing; it was terribly disheartening – they were supportive of the S
S. And so like poor starved souls, eventually we were put in
an agricultural implement shed. By that time the SS were also tired and
thought we wouldn’t run away and they left only four people to guard us. That

is when, with a small group of those who came from Auschwitz, I managed to escape…(1)

More about Roman Halter

And about the humanity of the Czechs ( in a Death March ):

Alfred Huberman

Polish Jewish youth, Rehmsdorf to Theresienstadt

One remarkable incident: we were walking towards the Sudetenland inhab-
ited by Czechs and when we got to a suburb of some town, it was like a mirage. Roman Halter

On the verges, big slices of bread had been put there; the Czechs must.have
seen us passing by and saw how emaciated we were. There were no people
about. I just flew for it. It was dangerous because I could have been shot, but I
got some for myself and for a friend who had no shoes and couldn’t rush and
shove for it. We walked on and when we got to where there were houses,
hands kept coming out with bread, cakes, cigarettes – no faces, just hands
throwing these into the road.(1)

Alfred Huberman

Anna Bergman

Young Czech Jewish woman, Mauthausen 

After three or four days the Americans liberated us and I begged a nurse to
give my little boy a bath, and she said, ‘What do you mean a little boy? It’s a
girl.’ I was delighted as I had wanted a little girl. She was like an angel, I kept

Anna Bergman

Anna Bergman
warming her little feet with my hands, she was wrapped in paper all the time
in Mauthausen. In the nearest Czech place on my way back to Prague, people
saw the baby and gave me so many clothes, so she came to Prague beautifully
equipped. (1)

More about this incredible history

The daughter of Anna Bergman

(1) Forgotten Voices of the Holocaust . Lyn Smith .2006 

There are thousands of stories like these and of course not 100% of the Czechs were kind to the Jews, but the behavior of the Czechs, Danes, Italians and some others was mostly more human than that of the Germans, Poles, Balts and countries mentioned above.
No, all nations are not equal in their behavior.