Archive | History RSS feed for this section

Not all countries act the same, some are more murderous than others

25 Nov

One of the many lies that try to inculcate us is that all countries would act the same in certain circumstances, experiments carried out in some American universities ( Stanley Milgram, Yale University ) want to induce us to believe that under certain pressure all men would act the same.

 

The experience of the Second World War tells us that at least at the level of nations this is not true. One can not have 100% certainty in almost nothing, but if one can say that the Germans were mostly anti-Semitic and that their attitudes towards prisoners of war, Jews, Gypsies, etc., was mostly cruel and deplorable. Other countries also acted mostly cruelly, Polish, Baltic, Western Ukrainians, Croats, Romanians, of course there were heroic cases among them, but most are guilty of cruelty or indifference towards it.
But other countries acted in a very different way, the Danes saved almost all of their Jewish population in one day by embarking them in neutral Sweden, the Italians protected Serbs and Jews in their occupation zones against the Croats who massacred them or against the French who sent them ( the Jews ) to the Germans.Also interesting are the stories of the survivors about the difference in the humane treatment of Czech civilians and the inhumanity of German civilians in the death marches.
And, at least for me, one of the most denigrating aspects of the Germans is their denial, even today, to acknowledge that they knew what was happening, I enclose a statement of witnesses from that era that demonstrate that falsehood.

lnga Haag

German woman, member  of anti-Hitler resistance 

 Inga Haad 2
Inga Haad , now

I don’t blame people who didn’t come forward, ‘but to say they didn´t know what was going on is absolute rubbish: in school, in university, you knew- not exactly what happened, but that the Jews had disappeared, We thought the worst because my husband said, ‘If they were still alive we would herard from them,’ But the fact was they had disappeared, they were just not there. That, I think, for my family and friends who were against Hitler,was the greatest encouragement {to resist}: that citizens can just disappear. As my father said :Germany was a country without law. (1)

 Inga Haad 1
Inga Haad , in WWII

Another interesting history about the day of the liberation of Buchenwald camp :

George Hartman

Czech Jewish youth, Buchenwald 

I heard a rumour that the Americans were coming to. liberate Buchenwald but
how the whole camp was dynamited and it would be destroyed before they
came. I thought, well, what can you do? Nothing. The guards were still there.

Then the liberation suddenly happened. And there was this sudden chaos with

people running around and rounding people up. I remember somehow I was at
the officers’ swimming pool which was covered with ashes – in Buchenwald
they were also burning people and it was spewing ashes – and in the water
were these SS swimming. The prisoners threw them in and as they came to
the edge, we would kick them back in until they were all drowned. None of
them survived. We didn’t drown them, we just didn’t let them get out.

Then there was total chaos: the fences were broken and people started run-
ning outside the camp. I was in a horrible shape but I went with this running
mob. And I remember I went to this Ilse Koch’s house. People were taking
things: furniture, lamps – whatever they found. I didn’t take anything. I was
too sick and I decided I wanted to get out of that, I couldn’t stand it because I
was going to be trampled to death – it was mania. I decided to wander away /
(rom the camp and came to a nearby farm. There was a German farm woman, {
scared to death of me, telling me that she didnt do anything, she didn’t know I
there was a camp – and she was about two thousand feet away! – and that her I husband died on the front. She gave me a raw egg, it was the first food and it I
nearly killed me, it was the most disgusting thing.

I stumbled out of that place. If I had been a little more alive, I would have
raped that woman, but at that point there was nothing. Here I had been try-
ing to survive in order to have sex, never having made love in my life, and
here was a single woman, not yet thirty years old, but I had no thoughts of
that at the time. I decided there’s no way I’m going to survive much longer,
the only chance is going back to the camp, so I went back; I don’t remember
the derails, but somehow I got reunited with my brother.(1)

And another about  the real Nazism of many Germans just after the liberation of Bergen Belsen camp:

Freddie Knoller

Austrian Jewishyouth, Bergen-Belsen 

As I was looking for food (in this nearby farmhouse) I saw something sticking
out from behind a wardrobe. It was a framed photo of Adolf Hitler. I took a
knife

 Freddoe Knoller
Freddie Knoller

and slashed it in front of the old farmer. That’s when he came to me and

said, ‘Du sauJude’ – ‘You pig-jew,’ I had the knife in my hand and I just stuck

the knife in his stomach. I don’t know if I killed him or not. The British sol-
dier said, ‘Come on, let’s get back to the camp.’ He didn’t want anything to do
with it. I would never have done that under normal circumstances, it was just
that we were l
iberated and that a German continued to call us ‘sauJude’ (1)

Life of Fredie Knoller

And what do you think the ordinary Germans did when they passed in front of their noses, the emaciated survivors on a death march?, we see :

Roman Halter

Polish Jewish youth, Pimau to Dresden area 

The progress from Pirnau was very slow, we did something like eight or
nine kilometres a day – this was February 1945. We were in our striped
outfits and, before we left, everybody had a strip shorn in the middle
of his head so that if we escaped, we could be easily recognised – so really we
were the first punks! Once we were stopped in an area and asked to sit
down in the market square. The German population came out and the SS
wanted to show what beasts we were, so they cut up bits of turnip and
carrot and threw them in the middle so that we should fight over them. But
our leader said, ‘Don’t fight, keep your dignity.’ We looked up to him and

so we listened. The SS were disappointed so they started kicking those on l
the outside of the circle, but we didn’t perform. Very few of the people who (


came to stare had any empathy with us. They shouted insults and said that we were responsible for the bombing; it was terribly disheartening – they were supportive of the S
S. And so like poor starved souls, eventually we were put in
an agricultural implement shed. By that time the SS were also tired and
thought we wouldn’t run away and they left only four people to guard us. That

is when, with a small group of those who came from Auschwitz, I managed to escape…(1)

More about Roman Halter

And about the humanity of the Czechs ( in a Death March ):

Alfred Huberman

Polish Jewish youth, Rehmsdorf to Theresienstadt

One remarkable incident: we were walking towards the Sudetenland inhab-
ited by Czechs and when we got to a suburb of some town, it was like a mirage. Roman Halter

On the verges, big slices of bread had been put there; the Czechs must.have
seen us passing by and saw how emaciated we were. There were no people
about. I just flew for it. It was dangerous because I could have been shot, but I
got some for myself and for a friend who had no shoes and couldn’t rush and
shove for it. We walked on and when we got to where there were houses,
hands kept coming out with bread, cakes, cigarettes – no faces, just hands
throwing these into the road.(1)

Alfred Huberman

Anna Bergman

Young Czech Jewish woman, Mauthausen 

After three or four days the Americans liberated us and I begged a nurse to
give my little boy a bath, and she said, ‘What do you mean a little boy? It’s a
girl.’ I was delighted as I had wanted a little girl. She was like an angel, I kept

Anna Bergman

Anna Bergman
warming her little feet with my hands, she was wrapped in paper all the time
in Mauthausen. In the nearest Czech place on my way back to Prague, people
saw the baby and gave me so many clothes, so she came to Prague beautifully
equipped. (1)

More about this incredible history

The daughter of Anna Bergman

(1) Forgotten Voices of the Holocaust . Lyn Smith .2006 

There are thousands of stories like these and of course not 100% of the Czechs were kind to the Jews, but the behavior of the Czechs, Danes, Italians and some others was mostly more human than that of the Germans, Poles, Balts and countries mentioned above.
No, all nations are not equal in their behavior.

Advertisements

Polish were victims and executioners

28 Oct

Poland is a country that enjoys a sympathy among the public who knows history, divided three times between its neighbors over the last centuries, the cruelty they suffered at the hands of the Germans and their quest for independence along the centuries.
However if something has taught WWII is that not everything is white or black and gray tones predominate in all stories.

Surprisingly the anti-Semitism of the Poles was at least as strong as that of the Germans, perhaps greater, because the Germans wanted to steal the possessions of the Jews, it´s one of the causes of the Holocaust if not the greater, but the Poles being poorer that the Germans wanted to steal those goods, apartments, jewels, money they supposed Jews had, even more that the Germans, although many of these were as poor, or more, as the Polish. Unfortunately the Catholic Church made a devil´s work about it too.

  

 One of the most sinister aspects of anti-Semitism among the Poles is that even in the midst of the struggle against the Germans, for example in the Warsaw uprising, they murdered Jews as soon as possible and, sadly, murdered also many of the few Jewish survivors returning from the camps. concentration to their old apartments, now occupied by Poles.Even more sad is the current (2017) refusal of the Poles to acknowledge their crimes, something that Germans at least have done, and like the Turks with the Armenian genocide, they threaten to imprisonment those who make them public.

We are going to present various testimonies of the victims of the Poles.


KittyHart.Moxon ( Young Polish Jewish woman, Lublin Ghetto

“I got caught many times going out foraging for food and mostly I was denounced and caught by the Poles. You see Germans didn’t, couldn’t really, identify the Jews; unfortunately the Poles would identify the Jews for the Germans. So when I foraged for food on the ‘Aryan’ side and bartered goods that my father would give me- perhaps he still had some jewellery that I had to sell- it was the Poles who would say, ‘Ah, here is a Jew! Oh quickly, there is a patrol, we’d better hand her in.’ And very often I was handed over to a patrol, beaten up and thrown backinto the ghetto without having brought anything back; or even taken to the German headquarters somewhere to scrub floors.”

Forgotten Voices ( Lyn Smith ) Page 115.

The ease of recognizing Jews by the Poles is due to the difference of Jewish population in Poland compared to Germany, in Poland there were 3,000,000 Jews out of a total population of 34,000,000 and in Germany 550,000 Jews out of 79,000,000 in 1939) including Austria and Bohemia-Moravia, ie 8.82% versus 0.69%.

Jews in Poland

A relate of  the thirteen-year-old Icchak Soneson :

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust (p. 759). RosettaBooks.

     By the end of October 1944 the Red Army had driven the Germans from eastern Poland and from most of Hungary. In the recently liberated areas, the surviving Jews emerged from their hiding places and returned to their homes. The thirteen-year-old Icchak Soneson had returned with his parents and his younger sister to the village of Ejszyszki. In 1941, Ejszyszki had been the home of two thousand Jews. Only thirty had survived the massacres of the war. ‘We kept together,’ Soneson later recalled, ‘we took a few flats in neighbouring houses. We did our best to rebuild our lives.’ But on October 20 disaster struck. Polish Home Army men, known as ‘White Poles’ attacked the Jewish houses. Soneson’s mother and baby brother were killed, as well as two Soviet soldiers.”

 

Jews in Germany


Joseph Feigenbaum said :


     “‘Do not imagine’, another survivor, Joseph Feigenbaum, wrote to a friend in the West from the recently liberated town of Biala Podlaska on October 30, ‘that the handful of Polish Jews who survived the massacres have been spared thanks to their cleverness or material resources. No! Death simply did not like them and left them in this vale of woe, so that they may go on struggling with dark and gloomy life while they are bereft, and broken in body and spirit.’”

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust (p. 759). RosettaBooks. 

Several Polish crimes after the war :

    The survivors did not expect to be understood. But they did expect to be allowed to live in peace. It was not to be: on August 20 anti-Jewish riots broke out in Cracow, followed by further riots in Sosnowiec on October 25 and in Lublin on November 19. Within seven months of the end of the war in Europe, and after a year in which no German soldier was on Polish soil, 350 Jews had been murdered in Poland.12 Thousands more faced danger when they returned to their home towns and villages. On September 1, Yaakov Waldman, who had escaped the Chelmno deportation from Uniejow on 20 July 1942, was killed in nearby Turek.13 In October 1945 eight Jews were killed in Boleslawiec by one of several Polish underground groups still engaged in killing Jews.14 In December 1945 eleven Jews were killed by Poles in the village of Kosow-Lacki, less than six miles from the former death camp at Treblinka.15 In February 1946, nine months after the Allied victory in Europe, four Jewish delegates to a Jewish communal convention in Cracow were murdered on the train from Lodz. The Polish government offered to give them a state funeral, as victims of anti-Communist forces, albeit Poles. Zerah Warhaftig, one of the main organizers of the convention, refused. ‘I said they died as Jews, not in the fight for Communism.

 On 1 February 1946 the Manchester Guardian published a full report of the situation of the Jews still in Poland. The four headlines to the report read: 

JEWS STILL IN FLIGHT FROM POLAND
DRIVEN ABROAD BY FEAR
POLITICAL GANGS OUT TO TERRORIZE THEM
CAMPAIGN OF MURDER AND ROBBERY 

Since the beginning of 1945, the newspaper reported, 353 Jews had been murdered by Polish thugs. ‘Unfortunately,’ it added, ‘anti-Semitism is still prevalent in spite of the Government efforts to counteract it.’ As a result of the war, this anti-Semitism, ‘always present in Polish society’, had been ‘greatly aggravated by German propaganda’. Since the end of the war, ritual murder accusations had been made against Jews in Cracow and Rzeszow. In Radom, a hospital for Jewish orphans had been attacked. In Lublin, two Jews, already wounded by thugs while on a bus, had been tracked down to the local hospital and murdered there, in their hospital beds.

 On 5 February 1946, four Jews were killed in Parczew, the forests of which had been the scene of so much Jewish suffering and heroism scarcely two years earlier. Six weeks later, on March 19, one of only two survivors of the death camp at Belzec, Chaim Hirszman, gave evidence in Lublin of what he had witnessed in the death camp. He was asked to return on the following day to complete his evidence. But on his way home he was murdered, because he was a Jew.

    Five days before Hirszman’s murder, the British Ambassador in Poland, Victor Cavendish Bentinck, reported from Warsaw that food supplies belonging to the Chief Rabbi’s Emergency Council had been allowed to proceed in a car flying the Union Jack. Yet even with this protection, the car had been stopped ‘and four Polish Jews, one of whom was a woman, travelling in it, were taken out and shot by the roadside for being Jews’. The Ambassador added that anyone with a Jewish appearance was in ‘danger’, and on March 28 the Foreign Office learned that a group of Jewish leaders travelling from Cracow to Lodz had been seized, tortured and murdered.

 On Easter Sunday, April 21, five Jews were driving along the main road towards the southern Polish town of Nowy Targ. All five were survivors of Auschwitz, Buchenwald and Mauthausen. The oldest, Benjamin Rose, was thirty-five. Leon Lindenberger was twenty-five. Ludwig Hertz, Henrych Unterbruck, and the only girl among them, Ruth Joachimsman, were twenty-two. 

Kielce July 1946

  As the five Jews approached the outskirts of Nowy Targ, their car was flagged down at what appeared to be a police check-point. The five Jews were ordered out of the car and shot. Their killers had been members of the former underground forces of the Polish Home Army. The five bodies were stripped of their clothing and left naked on the highway.

   The Nowy Targ murders caused consternation among the Jews of Cracow, the nearest Jewish community of any size, a community of survivors. On April 24, at the public funeral organised by the Jewish community in Cracow, five thousand Jews were present, one of whom, Joseph Tenenbaum, later wrote: ‘and there I witnessed something that lashed me with an iron rod. Windows opened, and guffaws poured out from the windows, balconies and porches. Gibes, scabrous and cynical, rained on the marching mourners. “Look, Jas, where did they come from, the Jews? The devil, I never knew so many of them were left alive.”’ 

  Six days after the funeral of the five who had been murdered at Nowy Targ, another seven Jews were murdered at almost the same spot. The oldest, Bela Gold, was forty-three. The youngest, Salomon Dornberg, was eighteen. Their funeral too was held in Cracow, on the evening of May 2, almost a year since the end of the war.

  That same May, Eliahu Lipszowicz, a former deputy to the partisan leader Dr Yehezkiel Atlas, and in 1944 an officer in the Red Army, was murdered by an anti-Semitic Pole at Legnica in Silesia.At Biala Podlaska, in June, two Jews were murdered: of the six thousand Jews in the town in 1939, only three hundred had survived the war. After the killings, those who remained decided to leave Poland altogether.

   No Polish town was free from such incidents. In Piotrkow, a Jewess, Miss Usherowitz, sold her father’s apartment to a Pole for six hundred zlotys, the equivalent of about five American dollars. That same day she was murdered, together with a friend Mrs Rolnik,
and a young man, Mr Maltz, with whom she shared her apartment.

Whether for money or out of hatred, the murder of Jews continued. 

The climax of these post-war killings came on 4 July 1946. Three days earlier, an eight-year-old Polish boy from Kielce, Henryk Blaszczyk, disappeared from his home. Two days later he returned, claiming that he had been kept in a cellar by two Jews who had wanted to kill him, and that only a miracle had enabled him to escape. In fact, he had been to the home of a family friend in a nearby village. The friend had taught him what to say after his return. 

Some places of killing of Jews by Poles after WWII.

  On July 4 a crowd of Poles, aroused by rumours of Jews abducting Christian children for ritual purposes, attacked the building of the Jewish Committee in Kielce. Almost all the Jews who were inside the building, including the Chairman of the Committee, Dr Seweryn Kahane, were shot, stoned to death, or killed with axes and blunt instruments. Elsewhere in Kielce, Jews were murdered in their homes, or dragged into the streets and killed by the mob.

  Forty-two Jews were killed in Kielce that day. Two, Duczka and Adas Fisz, were children. Four, Bajla Gerntner, Rachel Zander, Fania Szumacher and Naftali Teitelbaum, were teenagers on their way to Palestine. Three, Izak Prajs, Abraham Wajntraub and Captain Wajnreb, were officers in the Polish army. Seven could not be named. One of those whose name was unknown was a survivor of Birkenau, a fact disclosed by the tattoo number on his arm, B 2969. The Jews of Kielce published the names of the dead in the one surviving Polish—Jewish newspaper, in a black border. The name of the Jew who had been in Birkenau was never found. The numbers B 2903 to B 3449 had been given to those Jews in a train from Radom on 2 August 1944 who had been ‘selected’ for the barracks. Radom and Kielce are only fifty miles apart. 

Following the Kielce ‘pogrom’, one hundred thousand Polish Jews, more than half the survivors, fled from Poland, seeking new homes in Palestine, Western Europe, Britain and the United States, Latin America and Australia.

Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust (pp. 818-819). RosettaBooks. 

 After these accounts, it is possible that the Poles do not seem as “victims” as before.

The cruelty of the Germans always surprises

22 Oct

The ignorance of what the Germans did is very great and since they are the first interested that is not known, was tried to hide for several decades since the end of WWII, it helped the USA and the United Kingdom complicity in to use Nazi assassins for their spying tasks against the Russians and on space missions, as well as to help them escape from Europe, so that these countries were not interested in letting the world know what the Germans really did.
Anyone who studies this subject is more and more surprised by the many crimes that the Germans made about the most defenseless beings, civilians, women, children, war prisoners, and so on.
Below are two stories that appear from a horror movie but are real, very real and still live some of those who saw it.
The first case is the kidnapping, and later murder of Jewish children of a Guetto in Lithuania.
The second is the murder of 9,000 young Jews while being pushed to a cliff in Oriental Prussia, now Kaliningrad province.
Both cases are hard to believe, but they are as real as life itself.

The first case happened in the Guetto of Kovno in 1944 :

 In Kovno, on March 27, all remaining children up to the age of thirteen were seized by the SS, thrown into trucks, and driven off to their deaths. Thirty-seven Jewish policemen, among them the commander of the Jewish police and his two deputies, refused to take part in this round-up of children. They were shot on the spot. 15 The ‘children’s action’ in Kovno took two days to complete. Several thousand children were rounded up, driven off in trucks, and shot. Only a tiny fragment survived, among them the five-year-old Zahar Kaplanas. This young boy was saved by a non-Jew, a Lithuanian, who smuggled him out of the ghetto in a sack. Later Kaplanas’s parents were both killed in the ghetto. Zahar survived the war. 

 In a desperate act, as the search intensified, some parents poisoned their children, and then committed suicide. Dr Aharon Peretz, who witnessed the events of March 27, later recalled: 

I saw shattering scenes. It was near the hospital. I saw automobiles which from time to time would approach mothers with children, or children who were on their own. In the back of them, two Germans with rifles would be going as if they were escorting criminals. They would toss the children into the automobile. I saw mothers screaming. 

Kovno Guetto

 A mother whose three children had been taken away— she went up to this automobile and shouted at the German, ‘Give me the children,’ and he said, ‘How many?’ and the German said, ‘You may have one.’ And he went up into that automobile, and all three children looked at her and stretched out their hands. Of course, all of them wanted to go with the mother, and the mother didn’t know which child to select, and she went down alone, and she left the car. 

 

Monument of Kovno Guetto ( very small, don´t you thing it ? )

 

And a second mother just hung on to the car and didn’t want to let go. And a dog bit her; they set a dog against her. Another mother with two children, a girl and a boy— I saw that from my window— went and pleaded, and begged that the Germans should return one child, so he took the girl by her shoulders and threw the girl down to her. ‘Such scenes’, Dr Peretz recalled, ‘repeated themselves all day.’

The second case is related by a survivor Celina Manielewicz in the book of Gilbert, Martin. The Holocaust (pp. 781-782).

 This case is interesting not only by the cruelty of German soldiers but also by the civilian Germans cruelty..

 In East Prussia, where Soviet forces were driving toward the sea, the many labour camps in the Danzig and Königsberg regions were evacuated, many by sea. More than six thousand women and one thousand men, all of them Jews, were driven from these camps towards Palmnicken, a small fishing village beyond Königsberg, on the shore of the Baltic Sea. During the march to the sea, more than seven hundred were shot. Most of the marchers were women. ‘Every time somebody bent down to scoop up a little snow to drink water,’ Celina Manielewicz later recalled, ‘the guard simply shot him dead.’ In Palmnicken the Jews were lodged in a deserted factory. The manager of the village, hearing of their arrival, ordered each of the marchers to be given a daily ration of three potatoes. ‘We heard that he was a humane man who had objected to us prisoners remaining in his town under inhuman conditions. A few hours later a rumour circulated that the Nazis had shot him.’ 

One evening the Jews were ordered out of the factory building and lined up in rows of five. They were then marched in the direction of the Baltic Sea. During the march, some three hundred men hurled themselves at the SS guards with bare hands. They were all machine-gunned. The surviving marchers continued towards the sea. Celina Manielewicz later recalled the sequel, as she marched with her three friends, Pela Lewkowicz, Genia Weinberg and Mania Gleimann: 

In addition to rumours of our embarkation for Hamburg and of the approach of the Russians, other rumours also reached us: people marching ahead of us in the front ranks were murdered along the shore and thrown into the sea. We were so starved, weak and demoralised that death seemed to us a merciful relief— and yet we lacked the courage to stoop down on the way, because of a glimmer of hope that at the last moment our life would be saved by a miracle. Yet in view of the approaching end we four friends said goodbye to each other. 

Finally, late at night we came to the coast. We found ourselves on high ground beyond which cliffs descended steeply to the shore. A fearful vista presented itself. Machine-gunners posted on both sides fired blindly into the advancing columns. Those who had been hit lost their balance and hurtled down the cliffside. When we realized what was happening, we and people in front of us instinctively pushed to the back. The commanding SS man, Quartermaster Sergeant Stock, picked up his rifle and came cursing towards us, shouting, ‘Why don’t you want to go any further? You’re going to be shot like dogs anyway!’ He forced us forward to the precipice saying, ‘A waste of ammunition,’ and fetched each of us a terrible blow round the head with his rifle butt, so that we lost consciousness.

I don’t know what happened to me; suddenly I felt something cold on my back and when I opened my eyes I beheld a mountain slope down which ever more blood-streaked bodies were rolling. I found myself in the foaming, roaring sea in a small, partly frozen bay on a pile of dead or injured, and therefore still living, people. The whole coast, as far as I could see, was covered with corpses, and I, too, was lying on such a mountain of corpses which slowly sank deeper and deeper. Close beside me lay Genia Weinberg and Mania Gleimann and at my feet Pela Lewkowicz. Badly injured, she suddenly stood up and shouted to a sentry standing a few metres away from us on the shore, ‘Herr Sentry, I’m still alive!’ The sentry aimed and shot her in the head— a few centimetres away from my feet— so that she collapsed. Suddenly my friend Genia, who had also recovered consciousness in the ice-cold water, pinched me and whispered, ‘Don’t move.’

So we lay for some time, I don’t know how long, almost completely frozen. Suddenly SS men appeared and shouted, ‘Raise your heads!’ Some of the injured who were still alive and capable of obeying this order were shot immediately. Then the SS men left. Thereupon Genia said, ‘It is so quiet!’, got up carefully and waded to the shore. She tore some clothes and blankets from the corpses that were lying around and tied them into a rope, with the aid of which she pulled us on shore. 

We tried to move our limbs and began climbing the mountain slope with great difficulty. Genia was the one who hadn’t lost courage yet. Half-way up she told us to wait, she wanted to go down again and see if there were any survivors. But after some time she came back alone. We felt very sick because we had swallowed a lot of sea water; in spite of this Genia kept driving us forward. At last we came to the top of the cliff which had been entirely deserted by the Germans. 

It was twenty-five degrees below zero. We were covered with a layer of ice and unable to go any further. Genia told us over and over again, ‘We’ve got to go on!’ Then, after an hour’s staggering about in the snow, we suddenly saw smoke. The three women found refuge with a farmer called Voss. Later, when Voss tried to turn them over to the Germans, they were saved by two other villagers, Albert Harder and his wife, who fed and clothed them, and pretended that they were three Polish girls. One day a German officer asked Frau Harder for permission to take them out. It would have roused too many suspicions to refuse. Celina, now known as Cecilia, later recalled her evening with the officer: 

He led me to the spot along the seashore where I had endured the worst night of my life and said: ‘In this place our people murdered ten thousand Jews. It is terrible that Germans were capable of such a thing.

I can only tell you that if the Russians march in, which is only a question of days or weeks now, they will do the same to us as we have done to the Jews. A German will dangle from every tree. The forest will be full of German corpses!’

 I felt faint and lost consciousness. When I had recovered we walked back to the Harders’ in silence. On the way back the officer also told me that two hundred Jews had survived the night massacre, but had been handed over to the Gestapo by the population of the surrounding villages among whom they had sought asylum. They had all been killed. 

He continued to pay court to me, assured me that I looked like his sister, and made a few attempts to go out with me. The night before the entry of the Russians, I remember him coming to Frau Harder with a suitcase at 11 p.m. in a state of great excitement. He had to speak to me at all costs— it could not wait till next morning. When I stood before him in my nightdress and dressing gown he opened the case and produced a mass of tinned preserves he had procured for family Harder from the officers’ mess. 

Memorial statue of Frank Mayslera to the victims

The German officer tried to persuade Celina to leave with him, ‘for woe betide you if the barbaric Russians get hold of you here’, but she persuaded him that she had to stay. Celina, for her part, urged the German to desert, and to throw away his uniform. ‘I cannot do that,’ he said. ‘I’ve got to play out this bad game to the bitter end.’ 

The German left. The Russians arrived. Celina and her two friends were saved. But none of the Russians, even a Yiddish-speaking Red Army officer, a Jew, could believe that they were Jews. ‘The Jews have all perished over there,’ they said, pointing to the sea. Only the emergence from hiding of ten other survivors of the massacre gave credence to the story of their survival. 

Of nine thousand and more marchers brought to the sea at Palmnicken, only thirteen had survived.

When you see a German, you think he’s the son or grandson of murderers.

 

Look at Donbass eyes

17 Sep

Niños y niñas

Original Article: Antifahist

In the RPD has recently started a project entitled “Look into the Donbass eyes “. Its initiator and author is Odessa journalist Irina Lashkevich, winner of the Oles Buzina prize in the category of “journalism of war” in 2016. Lashkevich, who participated in the investigation of the tragedy of the House of Trade Unions, was forced to to leave the Ukrainian territory. Now he lives and works in Donetsk. In his arsenal of thousands of images and reports on the Ukrainian punitive bombings against the localities of Donbass shows that, despite the war, life does not stop.

According to the published information, the idea of this project was born long ago, since the journalistic work is developed in the zone of conflict: “I have seen children and old people living under the bombings. I was always surprised by his eyes. Children in the front line can only speak as equals as adults. It would be strange if they spoke as children, it is not possible because they live in a solitary environment. I wanted to create a project that would reach adults from both sides. With the images of the front zone I want to show the most tragic side of the war. This war has ended the fate of hundreds of thousands of people whose lives changed irremediably with the first shot. ”

“Before taking pictures I talk to the children. Each has its own history. The story of life on the front. Sometimes I have tears, I can not help it. How can you bear seeing a four-year-old girl who sings by inventing a letter that says “children of war, children of war”? When I asked who shot him, his mother, who was there with her, whispered, “It’s better not to say anything or you’ll start yelling.” I have asked other children: “Will you speak to your children about this war?” “Do not. It is better that the children know nothing. May they live without war. ”

Children can talk about soldiers for hours. The journalist is convinced: they are different. They love school and try to do everything they can to help their parents. They know what hunger is.

“An 8-year-old girl from Zaitsevo told me:” We were hungry. My mother would go and say she would bring something to eat. But he did not always come back with food. We did not get angry, it hurt to see that Mom was crying. I was happy when I brought a bundle of grain. ” An 11-year-old boy in Alexandrovka said: “At night a mine struck the house, we ran in the snow to the neighbors’ house. They have a good basement. The house burned completely …. When they bombed the school, the teacher told us to run to the shelter. Once, we were at home playing and, suddenly, began a bombing in broad daylight. My parents were not home, a neighbor took care of me. They destroyed the windows and shot me in the leg. ” I will never forget the children of the town of Severniy, broken in pieces, when rains projectiles from Pesky. It should not be forgotten. My memory is marked, I dream of the war constantly, “continues Irina.

A couple of pictures represent what happens in the front area all day. The journalist explains that this is only the tip of the iceberg, but the story is a chronicle of pain. His pain had accumulated and led to the project “Look into the eyes of Donbass.” Let us look at Donbass’s eyes. The comments of the photographs are from the author, Irina Lashkevich.

“In 2015 the Grads worked.” This girl from Zaitsevo, who was born in times of war, is called Katyusha. “The Grads of World War II were called Katyusha and that’s why we call our daughter,” says the girl’s mother sadly. Now, during the bombing, Katya covers her ears. In the photo he showed me how he does it. He showed it and burst into tears. Katya’s house has been bombed. ”

Madre con niña

Yaroslav, from Alexandrovka, a village on the front line. One night a shell struck the house. The boy was injured in the leg. He falls asleep every night between the sound of shots. Yaroslav will never tell his children about the war. “Children should not know,” are his words. Someone has decided that it is a separ, someone has decided that you can shoot Yaroslav. ”

Niñoo

Polinka, 3 years, Oktyabrsky (front zone), Donetsk. I remember arriving at the street of Paulina’s house in 2015: it was completely shattered. His parents had to leave. The girl did not speak, but listened attentively. I do not doubt that he will speak to his children of war, who will never forget it. While there, the bombing began. Paulina continued eating some goodies. For her, bombing is the norm. They can send a portrait to some “hero of ATO,” that his wife and children know something about their father’s work.

Niñita

Bogdan, 4, Zaitsevo. Bogdan’s house has been bombed. He remembers no other life than war. Reports of dead soldiers can always be added a phrase: destruction, broken destinies of hundreds of thousands of people. Someone has decided that Bogdan is a separ, someone has decided that Bogdan can be shot. ”

Niñito

“The brothers Daniel and Nikita, aged 7 and 11, Zaitsevo, Gorlovka. A bombed out district. They sound like adults. For the Ukrainian “patriots”: from the bombings you have raised soldiers. Daniel and Nikita have learned to live in war, they know how to hide from the bombings. They have matured soon and do not see the Ukrainian news: the television is on the other side of their window, from where they see how the projectiles of Bajmutka and Artyomovsk fly. Maybe in a couple of years take the guns. The “television” on the other side of the window has been preparing them for that for three years. Someone decided that these brothers were separating and decided that they could be bombed.

Hermanos

Olya, 8, Severniy, Donetsk. Olga studied in the school, the same one in which two children died in 2014. The bombing from Pesky began at four in the afternoon. The children were playing football when the shells fell. Their bodies were destroyed. Olya remembers that day, she will never forget it. Someone has decided that Olga is separ and can be shot.

Jovencita

Trudovsky is one of the most bombed areas. This is Sasha. I saw him with his grandmother at a local store. In the first photo he listens attentively to his grandmother, who talks about the bombing of the previous night. The second: the reaction to coming soldiers. ”

bebe

Valya, 11, Okyabrsky (Donetsk). Front line. Valya remembers the first day of the war, when the helicopters fired at the town. To the question of how children live the war replies: “time has stopped. I think I have not grown, as if I was still 9 years old. ” Someone has decided that Valya is a separ, someone has decided that Valya can be shot.

Niña
“Do you know how old this girl is? Two years and a half. Nastya lives on the front line, Oktyabrsky, Donetsk. In his language he describes that he hides in the bathroom during the bombing. He was born when the war had already begun. War has always been a part of his life. They are children of war, who will relax when peace comes, but through whose eyes we see how our grandfathers survived the war. I think so. And I want to show who they shoot. Someone decided that Nastya is separ, someone decided that they could shoot him. ”

Nastya
“People usually ask me: why black and white images? The photos are what life is like. No smiles? It is not a coincidence and is not prepared. Before taking pictures, I ask the children to look into the eyes of those who are shooting them. The children take this request very seriously, they really look, as if they are facing the bad guys and understand what they are doing. They believe that these photos can bring peace. They are adult-veteran children, “Lashkevich wrote.

In the collection, consisting of several dozen photographs, there are older people. After all, the elders and children tell the truth. And they are equally defenseless. “I have recently been able to speak with the elderly of Oktyabrsky. They complain about the low pensions, of the bombings every night, they are tired of the war. But to the question of: what if Ukraine returns when the war is over ?, everyone responds with the same reaction: immediately they lose the smile and appear in their face the surprise and a resounding: no! We do not want them here. War is war, but Donetsk without Ukraine, “says Lashkevich.

Kolosov
“In this image, the couple Grigory and Olga Kolosova. They’ve been together half a century. The husband has 35 years of experience working in the mine. Every day, for 35 years in a row, his wife prayed and waited for him to return. Grigory has two medals at Work. In his hands, the medal of the Trade Unions and the record of production of coal. He does not understand why Ukraine has fallen so low that it buys coal in the United States. In Pesky they bombed and sacked his house. The couple lives in the front line, on a floor that falls apart. Grigory had a heart attack when they started bombing his house. Someone decided that these defenseless elders are separ, someone decided that for Ukraine they can be shot. ”

Abuela
“Grandma Zina is 86 years old. He lives in the Donetsk airport district. His house was hit by a bomb, which destroyed the doors and windows. Grandma Zina participated in the Great Patriotic War. She is a lonely person, who has been left alone with this war. He is afraid of not being able to reach the basement when the bombing begins, so he lies down and prays. Someone decided that Grandma Zina is separ, someone decided that they could shoot ”

“I asked the best Donbass photographers, Dan Levy, to participate in the project. He is from Kramatorsk and usually works at the front line with the press service of the RPD army. He responded immediately and now we are working on a new project. Together we will go to the front area. Dan Levy is my teacher: in three months, with infinite patience, he has taught me the tricks of photography. It’s easy to work with. I hope to capture the mood of the children, their character. I hope that attention is paid to Donbass. That Donbass that has begun to forget. But the population continues to live there. And they want peace, “concludes Irina.

https://slavyangrad.es/2017/08/24/mirar-a-los-ojos-a-donbass/

A nazi general may be a NATO general ? Yes .

18 Jun

We have already seen that the German administration after the WWII remained mostly occupied by Nazis, the same thing happened with the judicial system, secret service, army, etc. But what surpasses any fiction is like a Nazi general until the marrow came to be a senior NATO official


 

Nearest Hitler is difficult

 General Adolf Heusinger (August 4, 1897 – November 30, 1982) was a German general officer who served as Adolf Hitler’s Chief of the General Staff of the Army during World War II and served as the first Inspector General of the Bundeswehr, the West German armed forces, from 1957 to 1961. Heusinger served as Chairman of the NATO Military Committee from 1961 to 1964.

With the outbreak of the Second World War, the German Army High Command (the OKH) assumed its wartime organization. Heusinger accompanied the field staff and assisted in the planning of operations for the invasions of Poland, Denmark, Norway, and France and the Low Countries. He was promoted to colonel on August 1, 1940 and became chief of the Operationsabteilung in October 1940, making him number three in the Army planning hierarchy, after the Chief of the General Staff, General Franz Halder, and the Deputy Chief of the General Staff/Chief Quartermaster, General Friedrich Paulus.

Before

After the invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the OKH became primarily responsible for planning operations in that theater, while the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or OKW) was responsible for other theaters. Halder was replaced as Chief of the General Staff in September 1942 by General Kurt Zeitzler. Heusinger remained chief of the Operationsabteilung and was promoted to Generalleutnant on January 1, 1943. In June 1944, Zeitzler became ill, and on June 10, Heusinger temporarily assumed his office as Chief of the General Staff of the Army. In this capacity, he attended the meeting at Adolf Hitler’s Wolf’s Lair on July 20, 1944, and was standing next to Hitler when the bomb planted by Claus von Stauffenberg exploded.

Heusinger was hospitalized for his injuries in the explosion, but was arrested and interrogated by the Gestapo to determine his role, if any, in the July Plot. 

After

Although there was evidence that Heusinger had had contacts with many of the conspirators, there was insufficient evidence to directly connect him to the plot, and he was freed in October 1944. However, he was placed into the “Führer-Reserve” and was not assigned to another position until March 25, 1945, when he was made chief of armed forces mapping department (Chef Wehrmacht-Kartenwesen). He was taken prisoner by the Western Allies in May 1945. 

According to documents released by the German intelligence agency (Bundesnachrichtendienst, or BND) in 2014, Heusinger may have been part of the Schnez-Truppe (1), a secret army that veterans of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS sought to establish in the early ’50s. He was, according to news reports, wanted by the Russians in respect of organizing the Koriukivka massacre (mass murder of 6,700 residents of Koriukivka in Ukraine on 1-2 March 1943 by German SS. On 9 March, the Germans returned to Koriukivka and burned alive some elderly people who had returned to the village after escaping thinking it was safe).(2) 

Adolf Heusinger a clever guy.
Adolf Heusinger a despicable nazi  

 How clever are the Germans !.  Their murderous generals are not guilty because they only gave orders on the table , by the way also  signed them, and their murderous soldiers are not guilty because they only obeyed orders. Do you think that their sons and grandsons had changed ?

(1) The “Schnez-Truppe” was an illegal clandestine army put together in Germany from 1949 by veterans of the Wehrmacht and Waffen-SS under the leadership of Albert Schnez, that intended to fight against the Soviet Union.It has been reported as having had around 2,000 officers, with a total strength of up to 40,000 members

(2)    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koriukivka_massacre

CIA´s inform

Why was free

A lucky guy.

The cruelty of the Germans has no limits

24 Apr

The more I study the history of the Holocaust and WWII, more convinced I am that, as Churchill said, it is a crime unparalleled in the history of mankind.

Throughout history it is normal to commit all kinds of crimes when a city is conquered, and unfortunately will remain normal because that is human nature, crimes in “hot” in a war  are , and will be, common and almost all countries have committed at some point in its history.What is unusual, unheard of and totally original are the crimes committed by the Germans from 1933 to 1945 with the acquiescence and complicity, active or passive, of the vast majority of the German and Austrian population.

The coldness with which the Germans kicked the Jews out of work, then made their lives impossible, robbed them, secluded them for years in ghettos where they were starving them, and at the end of those years of torture they were either killed with bullets or with gas , Is something unheard of in human history. No one, nor any people did anything similar to that scale and for so long. This same behavior was followed in Russia by exterminating thousands of entire towns and villages and deliberately starving in a calculated way to the great cities in their power like Karkov.
As one Englishman said, it will be a long time before the Germans are allowed to be considered a civilized people.

Today Germany, with the support of the Western powers, especially the USA has done everything possible to hide the knowledge of these crimes, for almost 20 years they ignored all the atrocities they committed and were prevented from teaching them to the new generations, which is logical as the Nazis formed the majority of German government and administration, including the judiciary. Few Nazis were tried and with ridiculous , by short, sentences.Added to this is the difficulty of understanding the immensity of the crimes committed by the Germans, precisely because of their immensity, novelty and cruelty without limits.

It is not the same to read that the Germans murdered more than three millions of Russian prisoners by hunger, that to know details of each one of them, their name, family, their childhood, their youth, their hopes, their first love, etc., now It is just one more in millions of murdered by the Germans.

 The Hell
The Hell

In the same way it isn´t the same to read that the Germans,in their usual slaughters, murdered 1500 villagers, to know how many families there were among them, children’s stories, how many young girls with their first illusions cut off from scratch. If  we drew each one of the deads  with a symbol like O , multiply this symbol 1500 times to see graphically the immensity of the crimens, and is only one of the smallest of the massacres committed by the Germans.

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

These are 550 deaths and so till 1500….
That is why I have decided to give you real anecdotes, not just figures, of the murders committed by the Germans. Let’s start with an example from the book “The Holocaust” by Martin Gilbert :

Among the most remarkable documents to have survived the war is the manuscript written in Birkenau by one of the members of the Sonderkommando, Salmen Lewental. This particular manuscript was discovered in 1962 in a jar buried in the ground near Crematorium III, where Lewental worked. The gaps in it are words destroyed by dampness which seeped into the jar. Lewental, who did not survive his gruesome work, recalled in his note book what may have been the same episode witnessed in its opening stages by Madame Vaillant Couturier and Rudolf Vrba.

Lewental’s account is headed ‘3,000 naked people’. It reads:

This was at the beginning of 1944. A cold, dry lashing wind was blowing. The soil was quite frozen. The first lorry, loaded brimful with naked women and girls, drove in front of Crematorium III. They were not standing close to one another, as usual, no; they did not stand on their feet at all, they were exhausted, they lay inertly one upon another in a state of utter exhaustion. They were sighing and groaning.

The lorry stopped, the tarpaulin was raised and they began to dump down the human mass in the way in which gravel is unloaded on to the road. Those that had lain at the edge, fell upon the hard ground, breaking their heads upon […] so that they weakened completely and had no strength left to move. The remaining [women] fell upon them, pressing them down with their weight. One heard […] groans.

 Those that were dumped down later, began to extricate themselves from the pile of bodies, stood […] on their feet and tried to walk […] the ground, they trembled and jerked horribly with cold, they slowly dragged themselves to the bunker, which was called Auskleidungsraum, ‘undressing room’ and to which steps led down, like to a cellar. 

 Mujeres en Auschwitz
Women in Auschwitz

The remainder [of the women] were taken down by men from the Kommando who swiftly ran upstairs, raised the fainted victims, left without help, extricated them carefully, crushed and barely breathing, from the heap [of bodies] and led them quickly downstairs. They were a long time in the camp and knew that the bunker (the gas-chamber) was the last step [leading] to death.

But still they were very grateful, with their eyes begging for mercy and with [the movements] of their trembling heads they expressed their thanks, at the same time giving signs with their there hands that they were unable to speak. They found solace in seeing tears of compassion and [an expression] of depression […] in the faces of those who were leading them downstairs. They were shaking with cold and […].

The women, taken downstairs, were permitted to sit down, the rest of them were led into this [con]fined, cold room, they jerked horribly and trembled with cold, [so] a coke stove was brought. Only some of them drew near enough to be able to feel the warmth emanating from the small stove. The rest sat, plunged in pain and sadness. It was cold but they were so resigned and embittered with their lives that they thought with abhorrence of physical sensations of any kind…. They were sitting far in the background and were silent.

Lewental then set down the story of a girl from the ghetto of Bedzin, who had been brought to Birkenau ‘towards the end of the summer’, and who now talked as she lay ‘helpless’:

She was left the only one of a numerous family. All the time she had been working hard, was undernourished, suffered the cold. Still, she was in good health and was well. She thought she would survive. Eight days ago no Jewish child was allowed to go to work. The order came. ‘Juden, antreten!’ ‘Jews, leave the ranks!’ Then the blocks were filled with Jewish girls. During the selection nobody paid attention whether they looked well or not, whether they were sick or well.

They were lined outside the block and later they were led to Block 25, there they were ordered to strip naked; [allegedly] they were to be examined as to their health. When they had stripped, all were driven to three blocks; one thousand persons in a block and there they were shut for three days and three nights, without getting a drop of water or a crumb of bread, even. So they had lived for three awful days and it was only the third night that bread was brought; one loaf of bread weighing, 1,40 kilogramme for sixteen persons, afterwards […] 

 Auschwitz Abeula y niño
Auschwitz

‘If they had shot us then, gassed us, it would have been better. Many [women] lost consciousness and others were only semi-conscious. They lay crowded on bunks, motionless, helpless. Death would not have impressed us at all then.

‘The fourth day we were led from the block, the weakest were led to the Krankenstube (infirmary), and the rest were again given the normal camp ration of food and were left […] were taken […] to [life].

 ‘On the eighth day, that is five days later, we were again ordered to strip naked, Blocksperre (permission for prisoners to leave the blocks) was ordained. Our clothes were at once loaded and we, after many hours of waiting in the frost, were loaded into lorries and here we were dumped down on the ground. Such is the sad end of our last mistaken illusions. We have been, evidently, cursed even in our mothers’ wombs, since such a sad end fell to our lot.’

The girl from Bedzin had finished her story. As Lewental noted:

She could no more pronounce the last words because her voice became stifled with flowing [tears] […] from […] some women still tried to wrench themselves away, they looked at our faces, seeking compassion in them.

One of us, standing aside and looking at the immensity of unhappiness of those defenceless, tormented souls, could not master his feelings and wept.

One young girl then cried, ‘Look, what I have lived yet to see before my death: a look of compassion and tears shed because of our dreadful fate. Here, in the murderers’ camp, where they torture and beat and where they torment, where one sees murders and falling victims, here where men have lost the consciousness of the greatest disasters, here, where a brother or sister falls down in your sight, you cannot even vouchsafe them a [farewell] sigh, a man is still found who took to heart our horrible disaster and who expressed his sympathy with tears. Ah, this is wonderful, not natural. The tears and sighs of a living [man] will accompany us to our death, there is still somebody who will weep for us. And I thought we shall pass away like deserted orphans. The young man has given me some solace. Amidst only bandits and murderers I have seen, before my death, a man who still feels.’

She turned to the wall, propped her head against it and sobbed quietly, pathetically. She was deeply moved. Many girls stood and sat around, their heads bowed, and preserved a stubborn silence, looked with deep revulsion at this base world and particularly at us. 

 La liberación por los rusos
The liberation by the Russians

One of them spoke, ‘I am still so young, I have really not experienced anything in my life, why should death of this kind fall to my lot? Why?’ She spoke very slowly in a faltering voice. She sighed heavily and proceeded, ‘And one should like so much to live a little bit longer.’

Having finished, she fell into a state of melancholy reverie and fixed her gaze on some distant point; fear of death emanated from her wildly shining eyes. Her companion regarded her with a sarcastic smile, she said, ‘This happy hour of which I dreamed so much has come at last. When the heart is full of pain and suffering, when it is oppressed by the criminal world, full of baseness and low corruption, [full of] limitless evil, then life becomes so troublesome, so hard and unbearable that one looks to death for rescue, for release. The nightmare, oppressing me, will vanish forever. My tormented thoughts will experience eternal rest. How dear, how sweet is the death of which one dreamed in the course of so many wakeful nights.’

 She spoke with fervour, with pathos and with dignity. ‘I am only sorry to sit here so naked, but to render death more sweet one must pass through that indignity, too.’ A young emaciated girl lay aloof and was moaning softly, ‘I am… dy… ing, I… am… dy… ing’ [;] a film was covering her eyes which turned this way and that […], they begged to live […].

 A mother was sitting with her daughter, they both spoke in Polish. She sat helplessly, spoke so softly that she could hardly be heard. She was clasping the head of her daughter with her hands and hugging her tightly. [She spoke] ‘In an hour we both shall die. What tragedy. My dearest, my last hope will die with you.’ She sat […] immersed in thought, with wide open, dimmed eyes […] threw […] around her so […].

After some minutes she came to and continued to speak, ‘On account of you my pain is so great that I am dying when I think of it.’ She let down her stiff arms and her daughter’s head sank down upon her mother’s knees.

A shiver passed through the body of the young girl, she called desperately, ‘Mamma!’ And she spoke no more, those were her last words.

 The order was then given, as Lewental noted, to conduct the women ‘into the road leading to the crematorium’

Violations of women in WWII “Marocchinate”

8 Mar

In the Western historiography that has given us a deliberately erroneous image of what happened in WWII, the rape of German women by Russian soldiers becomes especially relevant, but there is no mention of Russian women’s rape by the Germans, much less a small difference , 99.9% of German women raped lived to tell it, most of the Russians were later killed.


Unfortunately in recent wars such as Yugoslavia and Ukraine, women continue to suffer, and many of the violations are hidden by the press, and we only find out about them months or years later by reading a book or a specialized report on the subject.


There is a case in the tragic WWII and as usual hidden when the rapists are Westerners or their collaborators, it is the massive rape of Italians by Moroccan soldiers under the orders of French officers.


 The French expeditionary body on the Italian front was composed of 130,000 men, mostly Moroccans, Algerians, Tunisians and Senegalese; The goumier were Moroccans of Berber ethnicity, natives of the Mountains of the Atlas, that constituted the colonial French irregular troop

Moroccan soldiers

Montecassino would be captured by the Allies on May 18, 1944. The following night, thousands of goumier roamed the mountain slopes surrounding towns and villages in the Ciociaria region. An Italian Senate Bill of 1996 figures victims of rape and sexual assault in more than 2,000 women (ages 11-86) and 600 men.1 An English report reveals that a large number of women and girls were raped in full Street, numerous sodomized prisoners and some notable men of the region, castrated.2 The writer Norman Lewis, at that time British officer on the front of Montecassino, narrated the facts as follows:

 All the women of Patrica, Pofi, Isoletta, Supino, and Morolo have been raped … In Lenola on May 21, fifty women were raped, and since there were not enough of them, the girls and the elderly were also raped. Moroccans usually attack women in pairs: while one rapes her normally, the other sodomizes her.

 This was the harangue received by the colonial troops of the French Expeditionary Corps (FEC) under the command of General Alphonse Juin shortly before defeating the Germans in the battle of Montecassino (Italy) …

General Alfhonse Juin


If they win this battle, for fifty hours they will be the absolute masters of everything they find beyond the ranks of the enemy. Nobody will punish them for what they do, nobody will ask them for explanations for what they catch …

 

Province of Frosinone

 

 The mayor of Esperia, a commune in the province of Frosinone, reported that in his city 700 women out of 2,500 inhabitants were raped, and that some had died as a result. According to testimonies collected by Bruno D’Epiro, 4 the parish priest of Esperia tried in vain to save three women from the violence of the soldiers, being repeatedly attacked and sodomized, resulting in death. According to some sources, more than 7,000 civilians, including children, were raped by members of the goumier body throughout the incident and throughout the affected area.5 The number of men killed has been estimated at around 800. 


With the advance of the allies along the peninsula, this type of events were also reported in the north of the province of Latium. 

It even came to coin a term for what happened there … Marocchinate, massive rapes carried out by the goumiers against civilians of both sexes and of all ages after the battle of Montecassino … with the approval of the officers of the FEC.

 An account of the survivors

 Two women (La Ciociara) is an Italian film of 1960 based on the novel of 1957 La peasant (La ciociara), written by Alberto Moravia. The story revolves around Cesira (Sophia Loren) and her daughter Rosetta (Eleonora Brown) during the advance of troops allied by the Italian peninsula. Michele (Jean-Paul Belmondo), communist intellectual with whom they establish relation, is captured by the Germans. In their attempt to return to Rome, refugees in a church, mother and daughter, are raped by Goumiers of the French colonial troops during the calls “Marocchinate”.

Film frame

 

 Sophia Loren received the Oscar for Best Actress. It was the first time that award was given to someone who had acted in a film in a language other than English.

 This action of the Moroccan troops is not new, in the Spanish civil war 1936-1939, the Moorish troops commanded by the officers of Franco committed similar atrocities because they did not fight if they were not given several hours for the looting and violations.